Greek Catholic Co-cathedral of Saints Cyril and Methodius is located in the Street of St. Cyril and Methodius on the Upper Town in Zagreb.
Greek Catholic church and seminary (built in 1681) existed on the Upper Town before the 17th century. This Church was intended for the Greek Catholic believers, mostly people from Žumberak Mountains, Uskoks and clerics that lived in and around Zagreb. It is not possible to determine when was this Church built because a fire that broke out in 1766 destroyed most of the Church's books that would give a precise date.
The current church dedicated to St. Cyril and Methodius was built in 1886 during the reign of Bishop Ilija Hranilović on the site of the former church of St. Basil. The parish uses the facilities of the Greek Catholic seminary that is connected to the Church which gives room that serves as a parish office, and, since 1932, a hall with sacristy.
Co-Cathedral was designed by Hermann Bollé. It is built in the neo-Byzantine style of historicism. Co-Cathedral owns a rich collection of paintings by Ivan Tišov, as well as icons by E.A. Bučevski and professor Nikola Mašić. There are three bells in the 50m high Co-Cathedral's belfry. Largest bell weights 782 kg and is dedicated to St. Cyril and Methodius, medium bell that weight 395 kg is dedicated to the Mother of God and small bell that weights 230 kg and is dedicated to Basil of Ostrog. Co-Cathedral owns a precious cross for tetrapod, reliquary, and two capes, as well as set of kit icon mounted on wood for the cross.References:
The Abbey of Saint-Etienne, also known as Abbaye aux Hommes ('Men"s Abbey'), is a former monastery dedicated to Saint Stephen (Saint Étienne). It is considered, along with the neighbouring Abbaye aux Dames ('Ladies" Abbey'), to be one of the most notable Romanesque buildings in Normandy. Like all the major abbeys in Normandy, it was Benedictine.
Lanfranc, before being an Archbishop of Canterbury, was abbot of Saint-Etienne. Built in Caen stone during the 11th century, the two semi-completed churches stood for many decades in competition. An important feature added to both churches in about 1120 was the ribbed vault, used for the first time in France. The two abbey churches are considered forerunners of the Gothic architecture. The original Romanesque apse was replaced in 1166 by an early Gothic chevet, complete with rosette windows and flying buttresses. Nine towers and spires were added in the 13th century. The interior vaulting shows a similar progression, beginning with early sexpartite vaulting (using circular ribs) in the nave and progressing to quadipartite vaults (using pointed ribs) in the sanctuary.
The two monasteries were finally donated by William the Conqueror and his wife, Matilda of Flanders, as penalty for their marriage against the Pope"s ruling. William was buried here; Matilda was buried in the Abbaye aux Dames. Unfortunately William"s original tombstone of black marble, the same kind as Matilda"s in the Abbaye aux Dames, was destroyed by the Calvinist iconoclasts in the 16th century and his bones scattered.
As a consequence of the Wars of Religion, the high lantern tower in the middle of the church collapsed and was never rebuilt. The Benedictine abbey was suppressed during the French Revolution and the abbey church became a parish church. From 1804 to 1961, the abbey buildings accommodated a prestigious high school, the Lycée Malherbe. During the Normandy Landings in 1944, inhabitants of Caen found refuge in the church; on the rooftop there was a red cross, made with blood on a sheet, to show that it was a hospital (to avoid bombings).