St. Mark's Church

Zagreb, Croatia

The Romanesque window found in its south facade is the best evidence that the St. Mark's Church must have been built as early as the 13th century as is also the semicircular ground-plan of St. Mary's chapel (later altered).

In the second half of the 14th century, the church was radically reconstructed. It was then turned into a late Gothic church of the three-nave type.

Massive round columns support heavy ribbed vaults cut in stone and an air of peace and sublimity characterizes the church interior in its simplicity. The most valuable part of St. Mark's Church is its south portal, considered to be the work of sculptors of the Parler family from Prague (end of the 14th century).

The Gothic composition of the portal consists of fifteen effigies placed in eleven shallow niches. On top are the statues of Joseph and Mary with the infant Jesus, and below them one can see St. Mark and the Lion; the Twelve Apostles are placed on both sides of the portal (four wooden statues replaced the original ones which had been destroyed). In its artistic composition and the number of statues, this portal is the richest and the most valuable Gothic portal in southern Central Europe.

Outside, on the northwest wall of the church lies the oldest coat of arms of Zagreb with the year 1499 engraved in it (the original is kept in the Zagreb City Museum).

On the roof, tiles are laid so that they represent the coat of arms of Zagreb (white castle on red background) and Triune Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia.

As the corner of St. Mark's Square and the present day Street of Ćiril and Metod, was a Town Hall, the seat of the city administration in medieval times. The building has gone through a number of alteration and reconstruction phases, and today this old Town Hall still keeps its doors open for the meetings of the Zagreb City Council.



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Founded: 13th century
Category: Religious sites in Croatia

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4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Julian Wong (13 months ago)
This is the iconic landmark of Zagreb. The church is not very big nor magnificent but it is still very special. I did not get to enter it but the roof is really unique and everyone come just to see it. It has the medieval coat of arms of Croatia, Dalmatia and Slovenia on the left, and Zagreb on the right. The church is on a little hill which has many of the government buildings around it, like the parliament building. The gentle slope up the hill is lined with interesting builds and shops.
ANIRUDH MEHRA (13 months ago)
Beautiful architecture in the next to parliament of Croatia. Although did not got to explore inside but it stands as the landmark of Zagreb.
HSY KIM (13 months ago)
So beautiful roof. Walking around the area was impressive and pleasant. Better to join walking tour if you want the history of the buildings.
Viorel Iosub (14 months ago)
The building is amazing. The roof tiles design is really nice. The details on the entrance door are nice.
Yasin Badir (16 months ago)
I think the most colourful building in Zagreb is St. Mark's church. The drawings which look like a cat on its roof are made by a guy who has never seen a lion. Of course he wanted to draw lions but what he did looked more like cats. After him nobody intended to change then so they still remain the same. In any case this view looks good day and night
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