The Funen Village (Den Fynske Landsby) is an open-air museum located in the neighborhood of Fruens Bøge in Odense. It was founded as a public works project in 1942, during the German occupation of Denmark. The museum's open-air scene opened to the public already in 1944, and was used for patriotic song festivals (alsangsstævner) during the Occupation. It opened to the public on 1 April 1946. Among the guests attending the opening were King Christian X of Denmark.
It features 25 buildings from Funish villages, most of which date to the 18th and 19th century. The distribution of buildings includes a parsonage and watermill, an inn, a school, and a windmill as well as several residential structures. The vast majority are half-timbered buildings, as masonry buildings first became common in the countryside of Funen in the late 1800s. Tommerup parsonage farmhouse dates from 1692. The Bladstrup Brickwork dates from 1893.
In addition to the buildings, the landscape contains examples ornamental gardens, with fruit trees of old Funen varieties. The village also features livestock, most often of Danish breeds: Danish Red cattle, Frederiksborg horses, Danish Landrace goats, Danish Landrace sheep, Danish Landrace pigs and Danish landrace geese.References:
The Petersberg Citadel is one of the largest extant early-modern citadels in Europe and covers the whole north-western part of the Erfurt city centre. It was built after 1665 on Petersberg hill and was in military use until 1963. It dates from a time when Erfurt was ruled by the Electors of Mainz and is a unique example of the European style of fortress construction. Beneath the citadel is an underground maze of passageways that can be visited on guided tours organised by Erfurt Tourist Office.
The citadel was originally built on the site of a medieval Benedictine Monastery and the earliest parts of the complex date from the 12th century. Erfurt has also been ruled by Sweden, Prussia, Napoleon, the German Empire, the Nazis, and post-World War II Soviet occupying forces, and it was part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). All of these regimes used Petersberg Citadel and had an influence on its development. The baroque fortress was in military use until 1963. Since German reunification in 1990, the citadel has undergone significant restoration and it is now open to the public as a historic site.