Munigua is the site of the Roman city of Municipium Flavium Muniguense and is located 8 km from Villanueva del Río y Minas, in the province of Seville. Its origins are pre-Roman and it flourished between the 1st and 3rd centuries AD.

Munigua's location was related to the copper and iron mines in this area. The oldest ceramic materials from the site are Punic from the 7th century BC. The pre-Roman Iberian settlement was located on the top of the hill.

During the 1st century BC and the first half of the 1st century AD mining is evidenced in what were later the hot springs, the forum and houses 1 and 5.

Although some of the architectural remains visible today correspond to buildings from the Augustan period, most of the public and religious buildings were erected during the construction boom of the last third of the 1st century AD when the Emperor Vespasian granted it the status of municipium.

Buildings near the top of the hill were demolished for the construction of the Terrace Sanctuary in around 70 AD. The baths were remodeled during the construction of the Forum, built at the end of that century. Houses 1, 5 and 6 in the street of the baths were built between the end of the 1st century and the beginning of the 2nd century. House 2 is also from this time and both this House and Houses 1 and 6 must have belonged to families of local elite owing to their proximity to the administrative and religious centres of the city.

The walls of Munigua, built in the last third of the 2nd century AD were already in ruins in the 3rd century, and were never finished since the western side was open. Their layout was unusual as they followed the necropolis boundaries and construction affected the Southern and Eastern necropolises so that some of the tombs were included, incomprehensibly, inside the city.

At the end of the 3rd century the city suffered an earthquake, as indicated in the houses, in the Forum and in the two-story portico. This marked the beginning of its decline.

Many Greco-Roman sculptures have been found and numerous Greek, Roman, Iberian and Arab vase fragments.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1st century BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Spain

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Puri Crespo (3 months ago)
I loved it. The remains that remain are worth seeing and a fairly large area. The road to get to Munigua is quite bad, about 8 km by car. It can also be done by bike. There are parking spaces and then a 20-minute walk to reach the Munigua archaeological site. It's totally free. Closed Tuesday and Wednesday. Its hours are 10:00-14:00, keep in mind to do the tour before 1:30 p.m. because it closes at 2:00 p.m., you must also respect the guard's hours.
Sergio F (5 months ago)
Impressive Roman city about 8 kilometers from Villanueva del Río and Minas. Its biggest drawback is perhaps its greatest defense, and it is nothing other than the complicated road to get there if you go by car, with few parking spaces near the old Arenillas stop (it is recommended to go early). Both the guard at the entrance to the property and the one who watches over the site are pleasant. I advise checking the time, since if you park at the stop it is about two kilometers away. Munigua is a clear example of how many times we are capable of forgetting and not making a part of our history visible or as visible as it deserves.
Ciabhan O Murchu (5 months ago)
This is very difficult to rate, as they wouldn't let us in. The feeling of the place was amazing, it looked beautiful and the walk up to it is very nice. However, the opening hours are plainly stupid. Google states it's open till 2pm. The GPS showed 1pm as our arrival time, so I thought we'd have an hour there, but once we got close, there was a gate, and they said we would have to walk the last 2km, which Google didn't take into account. So we parked the car, and walked up. (It's a beautiful walk, only we were running short on time). We arrived at the ruin at 13.33 and the gate was closed, and they wouldn't let us in. (Although Google says it closes at 2pm). The gatekeeper said the gate closes at 13.30. Waste of a drive all the way to get there, to be told this. Why not open at logical hours, like 12pm until 6pm, or so? Many were getting turned away for the same reason. Which is a pity, because the place did look beautiful. I would give it 0 Stars for the opening hours, but giving 2, due to the beautiful surroundings and walk.
Karlatissa Goethe (6 months ago)
We loved the ruins! In photos it had seemed somewhat smaller, but I was surprised by how big everything was. It is very well preserved, and both the guard and the girl at the door were very friendly. The best of all is that to get there you have to walk half an hour, so you do a little "hiking" before you arrive and you do the exercise. Negative, the drive to get there... Maybe it's not their responsibility, but they should try to fix that bumpy and dirt road... Otherwise all great! The experience is definitely recommended!
Jörn Fischer (2 years ago)
Very interesting archeological site with ruins of a great temple overlooking the beautiful countryside. The informationboards with pictures of how the buildings used to look were very well done. The roman thermas were very well excavated, you can even find remains of the wall decoration with frescoes. The parking situation could be improved though and opening times are far too short. But if you can make it there, it is a gem of a roman city!
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Hohenwerfen Castle

Hohenwerfen Castle stands high above the Austrian town of Werfen in the Salzach valley. The castle is surrounded by the Berchtesgaden Alps and the adjacent Tennengebirge mountain range. The fortification is a 'sister' of Hohensalzburg Castle both dated from the 11th century.

The former fortification was built between 1075 and 1078 during the Imperial Investiture Controversy by the order of Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg as a strategic bulwark. Gebhard, an ally of Pope Gregory VII and the anti-king Rudolf of Rheinfelden, had three major castles extended to secure the Salzburg archbishopric against the forces of King Henry IV: Hohenwerfen, Hohensalzburg and Petersberg Castle at Friesach in Carinthia.