Tallinn's most famous cemetery Metsakalmistu was officially opened in 1939. Among its most famous permanent guests are Estonia’s presidents Konstantin Päts and Lennart Meri, writers Lydia Koidula and Anton-Hansen Tammsaare, chess player Paul Keres, composer Raimond Valgre and singer Georg Ots. Even if you don't visit these celebrity graves, a stroll through the rest of the cemetery is still a fascinating and peaceful experience. Take bus N°34A or 38 to the Metsakalmistu or Pärnamäe stops.

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User Reviews

Annemarie Feld (2 years ago)
Kalmistul on prügikonteinerid tihedalt on kaevud,wc parklas ja lillede müük
Jyrki Peltonen (3 years ago)
Rauhallinen hautausmaa mäntymetsässä Pirita-joen läheisyydessä.
Alessandro Nessenzia (4 years ago)
Vasta pineta adibita a cimitero con viali prevalentemente sterrati che la percorrono. Le tombe sono dislocate in ordine sparso fra gli alberi. Dall'accesso principale si passa vicino ad una cappella dove è posizionata anche una mappa del cimitero che indica le sepolture dei personaggi più famosi. La fermata dell'autobus è vicina all'entrata principale.
Ants Veeme (4 years ago)
Kuulsaimad eestlased on siia maetud
Hugo Vaino (7 years ago)
Butiful
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Derbent Fortress

Derbent is the southernmost city in Russia, occupying the narrow gateway between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains connecting the Eurasian steppes to the north and the Iranian Plateau to the south. Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia with historical documentation dating to the 8th century BCE. Due to its strategic location, over the course of history, the city changed ownership many times, particularly among the Persian, Arab, Mongol, Timurid, Shirvan and Iranian kingdoms.

Derbent has archaeological structures over 5,000 years old. As a result of this geographic peculiarity, the city developed between two walls, stretching from the mountains to the sea. These fortifications were continuously employed for a millennium and a half, longer than any other extant fortress in the world.

A traditionally and historically Iranian city, the first intensive settlement in the Derbent area dates from the 8th century BC. The site was intermittently controlled by the Persian monarchs, starting from the 6th century BC. Until the 4th century AD, it was part of Caucasian Albania which was a satrap of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. In the 5th century Derbent functioned as a border fortress and the seat of Sassanid Persians. Because of its strategic position on the northern branch of the Silk Route, the fortress was contested by the Khazars in the course of the Khazar-Arab Wars. In 654, Derbent was captured by the Arabs.

The Sassanid fortress does not exist any more, as the famous Derbent fortress as it stands today was built from the 12th century onward. Derbent became a strong military outpost and harbour of the Sassanid empire. During the 5th and 6th centuries, Derbent also became an important center for spreading the Christian faith in the Caucasus.

The site continued to be of great strategic importance until the 19th century. Today the fortifications consist of two parallel defence walls and Naryn-Kala Citadel. The walls are 3.6km long, stretching from the sea up to the mountains. They were built from stone and had 73 defence towers. 9 out of the 14 original gates remain.

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In 2003, UNESCO included the old part of Derbent with traditional buildings in the World Heritage List.