Forum Marinum

Turku, Finland

The Forum Marinum Maritime Centre exhibits seafaring history and traditions of the nautical culture in the southwest of Finland, history of the naval forces and the maritime history collections of Åbo Akademi University and Provincial Museum.

In addition to permanent and temporary exhibitions there are several museum ships located to the museum or near Aurajoki river. Most well-known ships are full-rigger Suomen Jousten (built in Saint-Nazaire in 1902) and barque Sigyn (built in Gothenburg in 1887). Finnish naval forces are also well represented including the minelayer Keihässalmi and the corvette Karjala.

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Address

Linnankatu 72, Turku, Finland
See all sites in Turku

Details

Founded: 1999
Category: Museums in Finland
Historical period: Independency (Finland)

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

idolezal (2 years ago)
Best ship/port museum I ever visited. Its big and provide a lot of information and quality of expositions is very high. Pls mind there are two sections of the museum in two separate buildings. Both worth to visit
Xavier Palmer (2 years ago)
Very impressive. A large amount of the exhibits were hands on, which I found to be unique and a big bonus to the museum. The museum covers all aspects of Finnish maritime history and incorporates technology very well. There are also around 5 or 6 ships that you can go on and look through as part of the museum.
Timo Hongisto (2 years ago)
Good place to visit if you are interested in ship, boats and history of shipbuilding. On riverside you can visit inside of old ships and military vessels. Also there are Bore ship that has hotel rooms inside.
Catalin Munteanu (2 years ago)
This is my first maritime museum that I visited and I was impressed. You can find two tall sail ships, four naval ships and several smaller vessels, ranging from a steam harbour tugboat to a police boat. There are indoor presentation about the Finnish maritime history, boat presentations and boat shop also. Also, the first gunship, Karjala (see photos), built in 1918 in Turku. The museum ships are open during the summer months only.
Jenni K (2 years ago)
An interesting and versatile museum, one of the best in Turku. A lot of information about the history of shipwreck. The entry ticket paid 9 euro, worth the money. Also available is a two-day bracelet, which also has a museum on the ship. The museum also has a nice restaurant.
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The original Cochem Castle, perched prominently on a hill above the Moselle River, served to collect tolls from passing ships. Modern research dates its origins to around 1100. Before its destruction by the French in 1689, the castle had a long and fascinating history. It changed hands numerous times and, like most castles, also changed its form over the centuries.

In 1151 King Konrad III ended a dispute over who should inherit Cochem Castle by laying siege to it and taking possession of it himself. That same year it became an official Imperial Castle (Reichsburg) subject to imperial authority. In 1282 it was Habsburg King Rudolf’s turn, when he conquered the Reichsburg Cochem and took it over. But just 12 years later, in 1294, the newest owner, King Adolf of Nassau pawned the castle, the town of Cochem and the surrounding region in order to finance his coronation. Adolf’s successor, Albrecht I, was unable to redeem the pledge and was forced to grant the castle to the archbishop in nearby Trier and the Electorate of Trier, which then administered the Reichsburg continuously, except for a brief interruption when Trier’s Archbishop Balduin of Luxembourg had to pawn the castle to a countess. But he got it back a year later.

The Electorate of Trier and its nobility became wealthy and powerful in large part due to the income from Cochem Castle and the rights to shipping tolls on the Moselle. Not until 1419 did the castle and its tolls come under the administration of civil bailiffs (Amtsmänner). While under the control of the bishops and electors in Trier from the 14th to the 16th century, the castle was expanded several times.

In 1688 the French invaded the Rhine and Moselle regions of the Palatinate, which included Cochem and its castle. French troops conquered the Reichsburg and then laid waste not only to the castle but also to Cochem and most of the other surrounding towns in a scorched-earth campaign. Between that time and the Congress of Vienna, the Palatinate and Cochem went back and forth between France and Prussia. In 1815 the western Palatinate and Cochem finally became part of Prussia once and for all.

Louis Jacques Ravené (1823-1879) did not live to see the completion of his renovated castle, but it was completed by his son Louis Auguste Ravené (1866-1944). Louis Auguste was only two years old when construction work at the old ruins above Cochem began in 1868, but most of the new castle took shape from 1874 to 1877, based on designs by Berlin architects. After the death of his father in 1879, Louis Auguste supervised the final stages of construction, mostly involving work on the castle’s interior. The castle was finally completed in 1890. Louis Auguste, like his father, a lover of art, filled the castle with an extensive art collection, most of which was lost during the Second World War.

In 1942, during the Nazi years, Ravené was forced to sell the family castle to the Prussian Ministry of Justice, which turned it into a law school run by the Nazi government. Following the end of the war, the castle became the property of the new state of Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate). In 1978 the city of Cochem bought the castle for 664,000 marks.