Loenersloot Castle is located on the left bank of the river Angstel, accesible via a wooden lifting bridge. Although the Van Loenersloot family is mentioned already in 1156, the existence of this castle is first mentioned in 1258. The Loenersloot family, who played a rather important part in the life of the village in the 12th century, built the oldest parts of the castle.
In 1516 the castle was bought by Amelis van Amstel van Mijnden, who already owned the Mijnden Castle and the Kronenburg Castle. After his death the Loenersloot Castle was left to his second son, also named Amelis. The castle stayed in the possession of this family until the 17th century. That was when the last male descendant of the family died. There were three heiresses, only one of whom married. Maria Johanna van Amstel van Mijnded married Pieter Reinier, baron of Stepraedt. Their son Diederik Johan inherited Loenersloot, but also the estates of Doddeldael and Ewijk. Due to the number of castles the family owned, they no longer lived at Loenersloot, but rented the castle out to different people.
In 1766 the castle was bought by Hendrik Willem van Hoorn. These were not good times for the castle, since van Hoorn began to tear the castle down. Four years later, however, he went bankrupt and therefore sold the castle to Andries Jan Strick van Lindschoten. Andries Jan conserved the castle’s medieval appearance. The last owner, M.F.M. baroness van Nagell, created a Foundation for the castle. Because every family added something to the building, the appearance of the castle stems mainly from the 17th and 18th centuries, with only the round defence towers dating from the 13th century.
Today Loenersloot Castle is a private residence, therefore access for the public is restricted.References:
Birds eye view from Castle Loenersloot. Maby a nice link to share. Kind regards. Dan
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.