Basilica of Constantine

Trier, Germany

The Basilica of Constantine (Konstantinbasilika or Aula Palatina) is a Roman palace basilica that was built by the emperor Constantine (AD 306–337) at the beginning of the 4th century.

Today it is used as a church and owned by a congregation within the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland. The basilica contains the largest extant hall from antiquity with a length of 67 m, a width of 26.05 m and a height of 33 m. It is designated as part of the Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Basilica was built around AD 310 as a part of the palace complex. Originally it was not a free standing building, but had other smaller buildings (such as a forehall, a vestibule and some service buildings) attached to it. The Aula Palatina was equipped with a floor and wall heating system (hypocaust).

During the Middle Ages, it was used as the residence for the bishop of Trier. For that, the apse was redesigned into living quarters and pinnacles were added to the top of its walls. In the 17th century, the archbishop Lothar von Metternich constructed his palace just next to the Aula Palatina and incorporating it into his palace some major redesign was done. Later in the 19th century, Frederick William IV of Prussia ordered the building to be restored to its original Roman state, which was done under the supervision of the military architect Carl Schnitzler.

In 1856, the Aula Palatina became a Protestant church. In 1944, the building burned due to an air raid of the allied forces during World War II. When it was repaired after the war, the historical inner decorations from the 19th century were not reconstructed, so that the brick walls are visible from the inside as well.

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Details

Founded: 310 AD
Category: Religious sites in Germany
Historical period: Germanic Tribes (Germany)

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Francesca Campbell (4 months ago)
Nice place.
Nidhi Venkatesh (7 months ago)
Since you don't see this on the top in 'things to do in Trier', you can easily miss this. But this is one of the most beautiful minimalist cathedrals that I've seen. The coffer roof is so beautiful. The old brick walls are gorgeous.
Ron Mosocco (15 months ago)
We enjoyed a wonderful day last year at the ancient Roman City of Trier Roman Baths and Ancient Roman Entrance into Trier, and then here, the Basilica of Constantine also known as the Aula Palatina. It is a Roman Palace and Basilica that was commissioned by the emperor Constantine I at the beginning of the 4th century. Ancient Roman ruins are also here to tour and are quite amazing. And was very entertaining to sit in the nearby stands and watch the modern day Gladiators practice fighting each other.
MLVC CN (17 months ago)
The church was close when we visited so I really couldn't say much aside from the fact that it is quite interesting architecture for a church. Never miss the nearby garden. Perfect for waking, picnic, or a quick rest on the benches after a long walk around the city.
All Traveler (17 months ago)
Nice Dom with calm and well maintain park nearby. Must see attraction in Trier.
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