St. Giles Church

Wrocław, Poland

Built in the 13th century, St. Giles is the only church in Wrocław to have survived the Tatar invasions and is today the oldest active church in Wrocław.



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Founded: 13th century
Category: Religious sites in Poland

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4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Marek Budzynowski (7 months ago)
A beautiful historic church
Bożena Korniluk-Felskowska (10 months ago)
It begins like a fairy tale: somewhere in Ostrów Tumski, somewhere in a row behind the houses, somewhere at the end of the street, there is a charming church. Brick. Tiny. Fairytale. It is the church of St. Giles. It is the oldest religious building, dating back to the 13th century. And it is still open for the faithful. The church is in the late Romanesque style. After World War II, most of the changes introduced in the Baroque era were removed (but a small turret was left, the so-called bell), while reconstructing a double rainbow arch inside the church, restoring the building's raw character. Of the two preserved portals, one is in the Romanesque style, the other is already in the Renaissance style. Interesting facts
Marek Filipek (10 months ago)
A small Romanesque church tucked away in the shadow of the cathedral.
Christian Habib (2 years ago)
Wonderful old church.
Günter Vogt (2 years ago)
Kleine, schöne unscheinbare Kirche welche man fast nicht wahrnimmt. Die Ägidiuskirche in Breslau ist das älteste erhaltene Gebäude der Stadt. Das römisch-katholische Gotteshaus stammt aus der ersten Hälfte des 13. Jahrhunderts und ist dem heiligen Ägidius geweiht. Sie gehört heute zur St. John the Baptist (dt. Pfarrei St. Johannes der Täufer). Die Ägidiuskirche befindet sich auf der Breslauer Dominsel am Cathedral Square, in direkter Nachbarschaft zum Breslauer Dom. A small, beautiful inconspicuous church that you hardly notice. The Aegidius Church in Wrocław is the oldest surviving building in the city. The Roman Catholic Church dates back to the first half of the 13th century and is dedicated to St. Today it belongs to the parish of St. John the Baptist (German parish of St. John the Baptist). The Aegidius Church is located on the Cathedral Island of Wrocław at Plac Katedralny, in the immediate vicinity of the Wrocław Cathedral.
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Trinity Sergius Lavra

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is a world famous spiritual centre of the Russian Orthodox Church and a popular site of pilgrimage and tourism. It is the most important working Russian monastery and a residence of the Patriarch. This religious and military complex represents an epitome of the growth of Russian architecture and contains some of that architecture’s finest expressions. It exerted a profound influence on architecture in Russia and other parts of Eastern Europe.

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, was founded in 1337 by the monk Sergius of Radonezh. Sergius achieved great prestige as the spiritual adviser of Dmitri Donskoi, Great Prince of Moscow, who received his blessing to the battle of Kulikov of 1380. The monastery started as a little wooden church on Makovets Hill, and then developed and grew stronger through the ages.

Over the centuries a unique ensemble of more than 50 buildings and constructions of different dates were established. The whole complex was erected according to the architectural concept of the main church, the Trinity Cathedral (1422), where the relics of St. Sergius may be seen.

In 1476 Pskovian masters built a brick belfry east of the cathedral dedicated to the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles. The church combines unique features of early Muscovite and Pskovian architecture. A remarkable feature of this church is a bell tower under its dome without internal interconnection between the belfry and the cathedral itself.

The Cathedral of the Assumption, echoing the Cathedral of the Assumption in the Moscow Kremlin, was erected between 1559 and 1585. The frescoes of the Assumption Cathedral were painted in 1684. At the north-western corner of the Cathedral, on the site of the western porch, in 1780 a vault containing burials of Tsar Boris Godunov and his family was built.

In the 16th century the monastery was surrounded by 6 meters high and 3,5 meters thick defensive walls, which proved their worth during the 16-month siege by  Polish-Lithuanian invaders during the Time of Trouble. They were later strengthened and expanded.

After the Upheaval of the 17th century a large-scale building programme was launched. At this time new buildings were erected in the north-western part of the monastery, including infirmaries topped with a tented church dedicated to Saints Zosima and Sawatiy of Solovki (1635-1637). Few such churches are still preserved, so this tented church with a unique tiled roof is an important contribution to the Lavra.

In the late 17th century a number of new buildings in Naryshkin (Moscow) Baroque style were added to the monastery.

Following a devastating fire in 1746, when most of the wooden buildings and structures were destroyed, a major reconstruction campaign was launched, during which the appearance of many of the buildings was changed to a more monumental style. At this time one of the tallest Russian belfries (88 meters high) was built.

In the late 18th century, when many church lands were secularized, the chaotic planning of the settlements and suburbs around the monastery was replaced by a regular layout of the streets and quarters. The town of Sergiev Posad was surrounded by traditional ramparts and walls. In the vicinity of the monastery a number of buildings belonging to it were erected: a stable yard, hotels, a hospice, a poorhouse, as well as guest and merchant houses. Major highways leading to the monastery were straightened and marked by establishing entry squares, the overall urban development being oriented towards the centrepiece - the Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius Lavra.

In 1993, the Trinity Lavra was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.