Ellingen Residence

Ellingen, Germany

Ellingen belonged to the Teutonic Order from 1216 onwards and was the Residence of the Territorial Commander of the Bailiwick of Franconia. This was the most powerful bailiwick in the Teutonic Order, and the small town of Ellingen thus represented the centre of a far-reaching territorial and economic power.

At the time when today’s palace was built, however, the Teutonic Order had already become a charitable institution for the lower aristocracy. The site of today’s palace was previously occupied by various medieval buildings, as well as a highly prestigious Renaissance building. Starting in 1708, the present palace grounds were built and the late Gothic church was converted to the Baroque style. The vast main building was built by the architect Franz Keller from 1718 to 1720.

Of the interior decorations, the ceiling frescos, wall panelling, floors and above all the stucco work by Franz Joseph Roth have survived. The colonnade in the inner courtyard is part of the conversion work carried out by French architect Michel d’Ixnard and was newly erected around 1775.

In 1789, the seat of the Bailiwick of Franconia was moved to Bad Mergenheim. This effectively closed the history of Ellingen Palace as the Residence of the Teutonic Order. A few years later, the Order was almost completely dissolved and ownership of Ellingen passed to the Kingdom of Bavaria. In 1815, King Max I Joseph presented the palace to his outstanding field-marshal, Carl Philipp, Prince of Wrede, who had several rows of rooms newly decorated with enormously expensive silk and paper wallpapers, furniture, glass and bronzes from Paris. Together with the stucco work and furniture by Michel d’Ixnard, these rooms are now among the most important interior design works dating from the Classicist period in Bavaria.

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Details

Founded: 1708-1720
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Germany
Historical period: Thirty Years War & Rise of Prussia (Germany)

More Information

www.schloesser.bayern.de

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Benjamin Schröer (2 years ago)
Cool
mark robins (3 years ago)
Very pretty place and worth a visit during any shows. Lots of exhibitors and a wide variety of handicrafts.
Jutta LaMay (3 years ago)
Very interesting and beautiful
Li Kai (3 years ago)
A very, very beautiful small city. I came here for the Order of Teutonic Knights, but I have gained more than I had expected. The Teutonic Palace has many luxurious baroque rooms, and the Palace Church is the most splendid Teutonic church that I have seen. The staff here are very helpful. Inside the Palace, there is also the cultural centre of East Prussia! I have been interested in the history of East Prussia for a long time, but now I do not have to travel all the way to Königsberg, for here they have a two-floor exhibition for the history and culture. This year they have a special temporary exhibition called “Wolf’s Children”, which is about the interviews of the East-Prussian children who had survived in 1945. It was a very sad history, but no one wants East Prussia to be forgotten. When I took a walk in this small city, I also discovered many historical buildings related to the Teutonic Knights, especially the other splendid Teutonic church called St George. The city gate was worth a visit too. While it dwarfs the colourful houses around it, it is the most beautiful city gate I have seen so far.
Ivana Duffova (4 years ago)
Beautiful place!
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