Germanisches Nationalmuseum

Nuremberg, Germany

The Germanisches Nationalmuseum, founded in 1852, houses a large collection of items relating to German culture and art extending from prehistoric times through to the present day. With current holdings of about 1.2 million objects, the Germanisches Nationalmuseum is Germany's largest museum of cultural history.

Particular highlights include works of Albrecht Dürer, Veit Stoß and Rembrandt, the earliest surviving terrestrial globe, the first pocket watch in the world as well as the largest collection of historical musical instrument in Europe.

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Details

Founded: 1852
Category: Museums in Germany
Historical period: German Confederation (Germany)

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Anna Pató (3 years ago)
This is a fantastic museum! Not crowded at all. Three floors and really nice exhibition from antient times until nowadays. I recommend it!
Irene Cotrina (3 years ago)
Nothing to write home about. A bit of everything, i guess it was a mistake to visit without the use of a guide... Lack of organization doesn't help also. Nevertheless, I found the museum shop very well stocked and interesting. Lots of history and art books, but also novels and best sellers.
Brian Stefanko (3 years ago)
Awesome mix of old and new history. The building encompasses more space than any I've been in, except perhaps the Smithsonian. Really great section on warfare, including tons weapons and armor from several periods, to include some pretty unique pieces that I had never seen. Highly recommend.
Denis Krumov (3 years ago)
The place is big enough to spend whole day (if not, even more) getting lost between all the wonderful expositions. You can spend a couple of hours, just having a quick look here and there, or have a realy big, time-consuming in depth tour, reading the items info signs and just swim between the eras. Seriously recommend the audio guide!
Lera Ost (4 years ago)
Very interesting place! Great expositions and no ordinary planing of the museum. Didn't have enough time to see everything, better to have at least 2 hours. And also nice museum shop!
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Broch of Gurness

The Broch of Gurness is an Iron Age broch village. Settlement here began sometime between 500 and 200 BC. At the centre of the settlement is a stone tower or broch, which once probably reached a height of around 10 metres. Its interior is divided into sections by upright slabs. The tower features two skins of drystone walls, with stone-floored galleries in between. These are accessed by steps. Stone ledges suggest that there was once an upper storey with a timber floor. The roof would have been thatched, surrounded by a wall walk linked by stairs to the ground floor. The broch features two hearths and a subterranean stone cistern with steps leading down into it. It is thought to have some religious significance, relating to an Iron Age cult of the underground.

The remains of the central tower are up to 3.6 metres high, and the stone walls are up to 4.1 metres thick. The tower was likely inhabited by the principal family or clan of the area but also served as a last resort for the village in case of an attack.

The broch continued to be inhabited while it began to collapse and the original structures were altered. The cistern was filled in and the interior was repartitioned. The ruin visible today reflects this secondary phase of the broch's use.

The site is surrounded by three ditches cut out of the rock with stone ramparts, encircling an area of around 45 metres diameter. The remains of numerous small stone dwellings with small yards and sheds can be found between the inner ditch and the tower. These were built after the tower, but were a part of the settlement's initial conception. A 'main street' connects the outer entrance to the broch. The settlement is the best-preserved of all broch villages.

Pieces of a Roman amphora dating to before 60 AD were found here, lending weight to the record that a 'King of Orkney' submitted to Emperor Claudius at Colchester in 43 AD.

At some point after 100 AD the broch was abandoned and the ditches filled in. It is thought that settlement at the broch continued into the 5th century AD, the period known as Pictish times. By that time the broch was not used anymore and some of its stones were reused to build smaller dwellings on top of the earlier buildings. Until about the 8th century, the site was just a single farmstead.

In the 9th century, a Norse woman was buried at the site in a stone-lined grave with two bronze brooches and a sickle and knife made from iron. Other finds suggest that Norse men were buried here too.