Lednice Castle

Lednice, Czech Republic

The first historical record of Lednice locality dates from 1222. At that time there stood a Gothic fort with courtyard, which was lent by Czech King Václav I to Austrian nobleman Sigfried Sirotek in 1249.

At the end of the 13th century the Liechtensteins, originally from Styria, became holders of all of Lednice and of nearby Mikulov. They gradually acquired land on both sides of the Moravian-Austrian border. Members of the family most often found fame in military service, during the Renaissance they expanded their estates through economic activity. From the middle of the 15th century members of the family occupied the highest offices in the land. However, the family’s position in Moravia really changed under the brothers Karel, Maximilian, and Gundakar of Liechtenstein. Through marriage Karel and Maximilian acquired the great wealth of the old Moravian dynasty of the Černohorskýs of Boskovice. At that time the brothers, like their father and grandfather, were Lutheran, but they soon converted to Catholicism, thus preparing the ground for their rise in politics. Particularly Karel, who served at the court of Emperor Rudolf II, became hetman of Moravia in 1608, and was later raised to princely status by King Matyas II and awarded the Duchy of Opava.

During the revolt of the Czech nobility he stood on the side of the Habsburgs, and took part in the Battle of White Mountain. After the uprising was defeated in 1620 he systematically acquired property confiscated from some of the rebels, and the Liechtensteins became the wealthiest family in Moravia, rising in status above the Žerotíns. Their enormous land holdings brought them great profits, and eventually allowed them to carry out their grandious building projects here in Lednice.

In the 16th century it was probably Hartmann II of Liechtenstein who had the old medieval water castle torn down and replaced with a Renaissance chateau. At the end of the 17th century the chateau was torn down and a Baroque palace was built, with an extensive formal garden, and a massive riding hall designed by Johann Bernard Fischer von Erlach that still stands in almost unaltered form.

In the mid-18th century the chateau was again renovated, and in 1815 its front tracts that had been part of the Baroque chateau were removed.

The chateau as it looks today dates from 1846-1858, when Prince Alois II decided that Vienna was not suitable for entertaining in the summer, and had Lednice rebuilt into a summer palace in the spirit of English Gothic. The hall on the ground floor would serve to entertain the European aristocracy at sumptuous banquets, and was furnished with carved wood ceilings, wooden panelling, and select furniture, surpassing anything of its kind in Europe.



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Founded: 1846-1858
Category: Castles and fortifications in Czech Republic


4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Alicja Dzwonkowska (9 months ago)
A palace with absolutely stunning architecture, well worth the visit. It's a shame that the tours are split in parts, but when we visited in December only one tour was available anyway. Since it was in Czech, we received materials to read during the tour. The gardens are huge, so if the weather permits, try and enjoy a walk to the Monastir at the other end of the gardens.
Julien GUYONVARCH (12 months ago)
First of all the castle is a beautiful piece of architecture and the inside is also nice. BUT there are many things you should be aware of. The parking is complicated and you need czech coins to pay for it. Then the inside can only be visited with a Czech guide, who only speaks Czech. The castle is divided in part and you need a group tour to visit individually each of those parts. So to visit everything it takes ages. It pretty expensive to see everything with friends or family. The park is quiet and nice. Around 3-4 km to see all of it and reach the minaret by foot and come back. The minaret is also nice and beautiful. But again you need a guide and need to pay separately to see this part. Overall it's a nice place but the way it's organized is not convenient or not turned toward foreigners...
Jarek (13 months ago)
One of the most beautiful castles I have seen so far. I would definitely recommend the tour of the representative rooms. Sadly, it's only available as a guided tour in Czech. However, you'll get a booklet in English on the history and the rooms as a compensation.
Pushkar Kanvinde (14 months ago)
Lednice castle is a small palace in Czech Republic near the Austrian border. The castle itself is simple in design but ornate in fenestration. It has a large designed garden with trees and shrubs shaped by topiary work and specially designed vistas terminating at various points, most prominent being minaret. They have a green house also. The township around is small and quiet. It's a good picnic point. If you are not carrying food you need to be very punctual. All cafes in the palace premises and gardens close at 6 pm and all restaurants in the town, except burger restaurant close at 8 pm. Burger restaurant closes by 9-9.30. No other option in any nearby town other than one or two fast food outlets at the petrol stations on the highway, at least half an hour away.
Jakub Dżegniuk (14 months ago)
The castle complex is gigantic and you can easily spend here entire day. The place is rather crowded on the weekends so maybe better idea is to visit during the weekday. Particular sections of the castle have their own tickets and you need to buy them separately. I recommend visiting the main rooms (being part of the tour is required)
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