Monfalcone Castle

Monfalcone, Italy

Monfalcone Castle, locally known as Rocca di Monfalcone or Castello di Monfalcone, lies on a mountain north of the town with the same name. Originally a prehistoric fortified village, the site was occupied by a Roman observation tower, guarding the road from the town of Aquileia to Trieste, and later by a fortress dating back to the reign of Theoderic the Great (around 490 AD).

As a stronghold of the Patriarch of Aquileia, overseeing the County of Duino, the castle was long contended for by the Patriarch and the Count of Gorizia, but was also a 'free commune' holding a seat in the Friulian Parliament.

Having surrendered on 14 July 1420 to the troops of the Venetian doge, Tommaso Mocenigo, it became an important outpost for the protection of the Venetian mainland against the Count of Gorizia and the Austrian Emperor and a defence against the attacks of the Turks.

In 1797 it came under Austrian rule and on 9 June 1915 it was occupied by the Italian army.

The castle is a square keep surrounded by a circular wall and a low earthen wall.

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Details

Founded: c. 490 AD
Category: Castles and fortifications in Italy

More Information

www.castles.nl

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Jesus Urias (19 months ago)
Great walk and view of town
ARIFUL SHIHAB (19 months ago)
Nice place with forest...
mark sylvester (2 years ago)
Good place for geocaching
Michele Marcolin (2 years ago)
The Fortress of Monfalcone, in the province of Gorizia, stands on the karst hill that rises not behind the city center. Tradition has that the fortification was built by the king of the Ostrogoths Teodorico around 500 AD. to witness his victory over Odoacer, king of the Heruli. The Fortress was named for the first time in a document dated 1289 on the occasion of the war between the Serenissima Republic of Venice and the County of Gorizia and the Duchy of Carinthia. In the fifteenth century several works were carried out to consolidate the structure and the walls. The fortress suffered repeated assaults by the Turks but remained unchanged, only in 1514 the mercenaries of the League of Cambrai managed to storm the fortress and kill the infantrymen. Towards the end of the sixteenth century the fortress lost its defensive functions as it was replaced by the nearby fort of Palmanova. The Venetian Republic had control over the fortress until the arrival of Napoleon Bonaparte. For two centuries it remained in a state of neglect until 1950 and was later restored by the Monuments Superintendency.
Russell Otway (2 years ago)
its a bit of a steep walk up the path. but worth it once your up there. great views over monfalcone
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