St. Mary's Church

Sigtuna, Sweden

St. Mary's Church (Mariakyrkan) is the oldest still used building in Sigtuna. The brick-made church was constructed in the mid-13th century and inaugurated in 1247. It was, however, completed probably in 1255, when the archbishop Jarler was buried there. The church was enlarged and sacristy added in the 1280’s. Due the Reformation King Gustav Vasa ordered to demolish the adjacent abbey in 1530 and St. Mary's became a parish church.

The full restoration was made in the 1640’s and the present was added then. Mural paintings were restored between 1904-1905. There are couple medieval artifacts remaining in the church, like fonts, a triumph crucifix and small altarpiece.

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Details

Founded: 1230-1255
Category: Religious sites in Sweden
Historical period: Consolidation (Sweden)

More Information

www.karenbrown.com

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Göran Daniel Eriksson (2 months ago)
OK for a church I guess. If you've got 15 minutes to spare while in Sigtuna have a look and check out the ruins.
Andreas Karlsson Rosenblad (7 months ago)
Nice old church!
Adelė Žilinskaitė (7 months ago)
Beautiful old building. Exterior is more interesting though.
Michael Ellis (2 years ago)
Beautiful and tranquil
Vasant Padhiyar (3 years ago)
Sigtuna has an important place in Sweden's early history. It is the oldest town in Sweden, having been founded in 980.
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Lübeck Cathedral

Lübeck Cathedral is a large brick-built Lutheran cathedral in Lübeck, Germany and part of the Lübeck UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 1173 Henry the Lion founded the cathedral to serve the Diocese of Lübeck, after the transfer in 1160 of the bishop's seat from Oldenburg in Holstein under bishop Gerold. The then Romanesque cathedral was completed around 1230, but between 1266 and 1335 it was converted into a Gothic-style building with side-aisles raised to the same height as the main aisle.

On the night of Palm Sunday (28–29 March) 1942 a Royal Air Force bombing raid destroyed a fifth of the town centre. Several bombs fell in the area around the church, causing the eastern vault of the quire to collapse and destroying the altar which dated from 1696. A fire from the neighbouring cathedral museum spread to the truss of the cathedral, and around noon on Palm Sunday the towers collapsed. An Arp Schnitger organ was lost in the flames. Nevertheless, a relatively large portion of the internal fittings was saved, including the cross and almost all of the medieval polyptychs. In 1946 a further collapse, of the gable of the north transept, destroyed the vestibule almost completely.

Reconstruction of the cathedral took several decades, as greater priority was given to the rebuilding of the Marienkirche. Work was completed only in 1982.

The cathedral is unique in that at 105 m, it is shorter than the tallest church in the city. This is the consequence of a power struggle between the church and the guilds.

The 17 m crucifix is the work of the Lübeck artist Bernt Notke. It was commissioned by the bishop of Lübeck, Albert II. Krummendiek, and erected in 1477. The carvings which decorate the rood screen are also by Notke.

Since the war, the famous altar of Hans Memling has been in the medieval collection of the St. Annen Museum, but notable polyptychs remain in the cathedral.

In the funeral chapels of the southern aisle are Baroque-era memorials by the Flemish sculptor Thomas Quellinus.