The history of Venngarn manor dates to the 12th century. After several owners it was acquired by crown in 1555. Gustav II Adolphus donated Venngarn to Franz von Thurn Berendt and his son sold it to Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie in 1653. The late 17th century was a golden age for Venngarn castle. The present castle was built mainly in 1670 by the architect Jean de la Vallée.
As a chancellor and the leader in Charles XI's regency, De la Gardie was Sweden's most important politicians. Unfortunately for him, due the king's reduction De la Gardie had to return Venngarn later to the crown. Since 1686 the state of Sweden has leased Venngarn castle for several families and purposes. In 1916 a central government institution for alcoholism treatment was established at Venngarn. In 1997 it was sold to its current owners, Wenngarn AB.
There is also a notable chapel in the castle. When the crown took Venngarn 1686, the chapel was completely untouched. None have been added and only a few details have been lost since then. Thus, the chapel one of the country's best preserved church from the Age of Greatness. It was prepared by the De la Gardie, and presumably he also has hired Jean de la Vallee as an architect.References:
Montparnasse Cemetery was created from three farms in 1824. Cemeteries had been banned from Paris since the closure, owing to health concerns, of the Cimetière des Innocents in 1786. Several new cemeteries outside the precincts of the capital replaced all the internal Parisian ones in the early 19th century: Montmartre Cemetery in the north, Père Lachaise Cemetery in the east, and Montparnasse Cemetery in the south. At the heart of the city, and today sitting in the shadow of the Eiffel Tower, is Passy Cemetery.
Montparnasse cemetery is the burial place of many of France's intellectual and artistic elite as well as publishers and others who promoted the works of authors and artists. There are also many graves of foreigners who have made France their home, as well as monuments to police and firefighters killed in the line of duty in the city of Paris.
The cemetery is divided by Rue Émile Richard. The small section is usually referred to as the small cemetery (petit cimetière) and the large section as the big cemetery (grand cimetière).
Although Baudelaire is buried in this cemetery (division 6), there is also a cenotaph to him (between division 26 and 27). Because of the many notable people buried there, it is a highly popular tourist attraction.