St. Mary's Church

Pula, Croatia

The aisled St. Mary's Church of square ground plan whose lateral walls have been preserved almost to their original height. The size of the church (11x 24 m) indicates a large population of the nearby castrum erecting this edifice in the 5th - 6th centuries.

The altar area is two steps higher and is divided from the church nave by a partly preserved triumphal arch. The altar basis is preserved in situ. The atrium of the basilica holds a small collection of stone monuments, exhibiting, among other, church finds, transennae, stone window grids.

The front part of the basilica and around it was the site of an Early Christian cemetery 300 m long, stretching as far as the southeastern corner of the castrum.

The beginning of the 9th century saw the renovation of numerous churches, among them St. Mary's. It was refurbished with new stone furnishing bearing the recognizable interlace pattern. The large pagan population must have caused missionary activities carried out by the Benedictines from the many monasteries. If not earlier, this is when the Benedictine monastery was founded stretching north and south of the church.

In the 13th century the basilica belonged to the Templars, but when their order was abolished in 1312, life in the monastery faded away.

Near this church, a smaller aisleless church dedicated to St. Peter was built whose floor was decorated by a tricolored mosaic.

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Address

Brijuni, Pula, Croatia
See all sites in Pula

Details

Founded: 5th century AD
Category: Religious sites in Croatia

More Information

www.np-brijuni.hr

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