Jersey War Tunnels

Jersey, United Kingdom

Jersey War Tunnels, often abbreviated to Hohlgangsanlage 8, also known as the German Underground Hospital was a partially completed underground hospital complex, built by German occupying forces during the occupation of Jersey during World War II. Over 1 km of tunnels were completed. After the liberation of the Channel Islands, the complex was converted into a museum detailing the occupation and remains a visitor attraction.

After Hitler's October 1941 order to fortify the Channel Islands (as part of the Atlantic Wall), work began on a string of fortifications all around Jersey. Ho8 was intended to be a vast network of underground tunnels that would allow the German occupying infantry to withstand Allied air raids and bombardment (in preparation for an invasion). Forced labourers from the Organisation Todt (as well as paid labourers and skilled workers) were shipped in to Jersey and put to work building the complex. Many of the workers were Polish, French, Russian or Republican Spaniards. Conditions were terrible, although Russian and Ukrainian POWs were treated the worst, with cases of malnutrition, death by exhaustion and disease among them becoming common. On the other hand, the voluntary workers often had much better conditions, being offered over four times the wages that they would have earned working in similar jobs for the States of Jersey, and often receiving extra food rations.

In late 1943, with the threat of an Allied invasion of Europe (Operation Overlord) becoming clear, Ho8 was to be converted into a casualty clearing station and emergency hospital. The hospital had 500 beds for patients, with a full heating and air conditioning system (although the rest of tunnel complex usually maintained a constant temperature of about 17 °C, due to its being built deep into the hillside). A system of gas-proof doors was installed to maintain a clean airflow in the tunnels, and a fully equipped operating theatre was installed. Unfinished tunnels were sealed off.Despite the huge preparations and fortifications made to the Channel Islands, none were ever put into practice. The occupying forces in the Channel Islands surrendered on 9 May 1945 (one day after the rest of the German forces surrendered). Ho8 fell into disuse, with British soldiers and souvenir hunters stripping the tunnels of equipment.

In July 1946, the States of Jersey opened the tunnels to the public. In 1961, the Royal Court ruled that the subterranean complex belonged to the private owners of the land above it, and Ho8 fell under private ownership. The complex was restored, with a collection of Occupation memorabilia and a museum and memorial to the occupation being set up. In 2001, a permanent exhibit called 'Captive Island' was unveiled in the tunnel complex, detailing everyday life for civilians in Jersey before, during and after the occupation of Jersey. Today, Ho8 is generally referred to as the 'Jersey War Tunnels'. The Jersey War Tunnels has also housed military vehicles such as a Char B1 bis tank, which served in Jersey with the Panzer-Abteilung 213 during the occupation which was on loan from the Bovington Tank Museum. As of March 2012 there is also a replica Stug III tank destroyer owned by the war tunnels.

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Founded: 1941
Category: Miscellaneous historic sites in United Kingdom

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Andrea Bailey (8 months ago)
Interesting visit. Walk down into the tunnels consisting of numerous room with stories and history . Very mouldy due to the damp conditions. Needed some TLC with mould on the exhibits and missing light bulbs , but over all a great visit . Fantastic tea room afterwards. All served by a great bus service.
Hywel Roberts (9 months ago)
Fascinating insight to a very difficult time in Jersey's history. The tour explores all the aspects to war time jersey and the role the tunnels played in that. Worth a visit and if booked ahead of time means going straight in rather than waiting in the queue at the ticket office.
Mas Hassan (10 months ago)
Without doubt one of the best preserved tunnels and well presented history of the World War II in Jersey Island. The facilities are great too. There’s a coffee/snacks shop, car park and toilet facilities at the visitors centre. Entry tickets are a bit expensive at £17 for an adult, £16 for age 16 plus with an ID and £11 for children 5-15.
Malina T (10 months ago)
We liked how the museum is structured, it's a stroll through several rooms lined along a long chronological corridor. It takes about an hour or more, depending on how much time you have for details. The entrance ticket is interesting; it's a sort of identity document of someone you have to identify within the informational panels of the museum. It's a good history lesson for both kids and adults.
Krishna S (13 months ago)
One of the things that you should definitely do when you visit jersey. They give it a nice little touch by giving you the identity card of one of the residents that lived in Jersey during the war and their story behind it. The tunnels are all well maintained and guided audio gives you every bit of information you'd need. All in all a fantastic experience for all ages alike. They've got a nice cafe around the reception as well. Recommend this.
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