Poelwijk Castle was mentioned in 1275, when it was owned by the Van Poelwijck family from Gendt. The tower is all that remains of Poelwijk Castle today. It dates back to the 15th century. This tower was originally the gate tower of the castle.
In 1441 Poelwijk Castle was first mentioned as a fief from the Duke of Gelre and was inhabited by the Collart family. In 1551 the castle again came into the possession of the Van Poelwijck family through marriage. In 1598 it went to the Van Wely family. The Van Wichen family bought the castle in 1667. A Johan Maurits van de Poll, Lord of Hedel, inherited the castle in 1702.
A drawing dating back to 1731 shows that Poelwijk Castle then existed of the present tower with an extension. The castle itself had already disappeared. The former gate tower had been rebuilt into a tower house and had its entrance on the first floor. Several other owners followed; the Schmitz, Slingervoet and Breunissen families. The latter built the farm next to the tower in 1864 which caused the disappearance of the extension of the tower.
During the winter of 1944-45 the tower was damaged by fights. Shortly after The Netherlands were liberated the tower was damaged during a storm. After that a restoration followed which ended in 1960. The tower is owned by the Castles of Gelderland foundation and can only be visited on special occasions like Open Heritage Days. The farm and the land surrounding the tower are privately owned and there is a B&B.References:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.