Santi Apostoli, with the adjacent Romanesque chapel of the Sante Teuteria e Tosca, is an ancient Roman Catholic church in front of a piazza off Corso Cavour. A church at this site of the Chiesetta was consecrated in 751 on an earlier fifth-century structure, but reconstructed in the 12th-century. Reconstruction of this and Santi Apostoli were pursued across the centuries including major ones in the 18th and 20th-centuries. Over the 18th and 19th century, the Chiesetta was linked to the larger church of Santi Apostoli, converting into almost a chapel. In the 19th-centuries, restorations aimed to re-display the earlier construction, and remove latter accretions. The latter reconstruction addressed damage from bombardments during the war. Of the original Romanesque architecture only some of the walls, the apse, and the tall pale brick and stone, bell-tower remain. The tower contains six bells in scale of Ab, cast in 1817 and still ringing in Veronese bellringing art.
The interior was reduced from three to one nave in the 1500s. Through the sacristy, one can enter the partially subterranean brick chapel of Sante Teuteria e Tosca, located on the north side of the church. The cult of these saints, whose biographies are poorly documented, developed around 1160, when the relics of the saints were discovered and entombed in a marble ark. The medieval ark is now present atop the Baroque main altar; reliefs on the ark date from 1428.
To the right of the altar is the tomb (1368) of Francesco Bevilacqua. A marble monument for three brothers of the Bevilacqua was added in the 16th century. The urn has sculpted images of the three theologic virtues.References:
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.