Aquileia Roman Ruins

Aquileia, Italy

Today, Aquileia is a town smaller than the colony first founded by Rome. Over the centuries, sieges, earthquakes, floods, and pillaging of the ancient buildings for materials means that no edifices of the Roman period remain above ground. The site of Aquileia, believed to be the largest Roman city yet to be excavated, is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Excavations, however, have revealed some of the layout of the Roman town such as a segment of a street, the north-west angle of the town walls, the river port, and the former locations of baths, of an amphitheater, of a Circus, of a cemetery, of the Via Sacra, of the forum, and of a market. The National Archaeological Museum contains over 2,000 inscriptions, statues and other antiquities, mosaics, as well as glasses of local production and a numismatics collection.

The most striking remains of the Roman city are those of the port installations, a long row of warehouses and quays that stretch along the bank of the river. These were incorporated into the 4th century defences, substantial traces of which can be seen today.

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Details

Founded: 181 BC
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Italy

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whc.unesco.org

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4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Andrea Dalla Francesca Cappello (2 years ago)
Piccola area archeologica, ad ingresso libero, contenente i resti di antiche tombe romane. Merita una passeggiata ed una visita soprattutto in periodi poco affollati di turisti.
gaetano sabatino (2 years ago)
Per chi ama l' archeologia è un luogo da visitare con molta attenzione.reperti a cielo aperto,struttura ben organizzata e si può visitare anche senza guida.la consiglio anche come una semplice passeggiata tra il verde e l'antico porto romano.nelle vicinanze la basilica di Aquileia con il battistero .resti paleocristiano e l'area del museo con sepolcri e urna.
monica pronzini (2 years ago)
Sepolcreto molto piccolo che consta di alcuni monumenti ma è evidente che questo è solo una parte che emerge...bello; non facilissimo da trovare e non molto ben segnalato. C'è un cartello esplicativo; entrata libera.
Samantha Schloss (3 years ago)
Fantastico. Un tesoro unico. Accessibile anche alle persone con ridotta mobilità.
Angelika Weiss (3 years ago)
Interessant und schön! Wenn man Glück hat trifft man eine/n der freundlichen Fremdenführer/innen!
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Heraclea Lyncestis was an ancient Greek city in Macedon, ruled later by the Romans. It was founded by Philip II of Macedon in the middle of the 4th century BC. The city was named in honor of the mythological hero Heracles. The name Lynkestis originates from the name of the ancient kingdom, conquered by Philip, where the city was built.

Heraclea was a strategically important town during the Hellenistic period, as it was at the edge of Macedon"s border with Epirus to the west and Paeonia to the north, until the middle of the 2nd century BC, when the Romans conquered Macedon and destroyed its political power. The main Roman road in the area, Via Egnatia went through Heraclea, and Heraclea was an important stop. The prosperity of the city was maintained mainly due to this road.

The Roman emperor Hadrian built a theatre in the center of the town, on a hill, when many buildings in the Roman province of Macedonia were being restored. It began being used during the reign of Antoninus Pius. Inside the theatre there were three animal cages and in the western part a tunnel. The theatre went out of use during the late 4th century AD, when gladiator fights in the Roman Empire were banned, due to the spread of Christianity, the formulation of the Eastern Roman Empire, and the abandonment of, what was then perceived as, pagan rituals and entertainment.

Late Antiquity and Byzantine periods

In the early Byzantine period (4th to 6th centuries AD) Heraclea was an important episcopal centre. A small and a great basilica, the bishop"s residence, and a funerary basilica and the necropolis are some of the remains of this period. Three naves in the Great Basilica are covered with mosaics of very rich floral and figurative iconography; these well preserved mosaics are often regarded as fine examples of the early Christian art period.

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