St. Panteleimon Monastery

Mount Athos, Greece

St. Panteleimon Monastery is built on the southwest side of the peninsula of Mount Athos. It is often referred to as 'Russian' and does have historical and liturgical ties to the Russian Orthodox Church; nevertheless, like all the other monastic settlements on Mount Athos, the monastery is under the direct ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and all its monks are citizens of Greece, usually naturalized.

The monastery was founded by several monks from Kievan Rus in the 11th century, which is why it is known as 'Rossikon'. It has been inhabited by mainly Russian monks in certain periods of its history. It was recognized as a separate monastery in 1169.

The monastery prospered in the 16th and 17th centuries being lavishly sponsored by the tsars of Moscovy, but it declined dramatically in the 18th century to the point where there were only two Russian and two Bulgarian monks left by 1730.

The construction of the present monastery on a new site, closer to the seashore, was carried out during the first two decades of the 19th century, with the financial help of the ruler of Moldo-Wallachia, Skarlatos Kallimachos. The monastery occupies the nineteenth rank in the hierarchical order of the twenty Athonite monasteries.

In 1913, the monastery was the site of a raging theological argument (Imiaslavie) among Russian monks, which led to tsarist Russian intervention and the deportation of approximately 800 of the monks on the losing side of the debate.

The Monastery of St Panteleimon was repeatedly gutted by fires, most famously in 1307 (when Catalan mercenaries set it aflame) and in 1968.

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Mount Athos, Greece
See all sites in Mount Athos

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Founded: 11th century
Category: Religious sites in Greece

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4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

George Kontogouris (6 months ago)
The Monastery of Saint Panteleimon is certainly one of the most impressive monasteries of the Holy mountain. It is also called the Russian Monastery because it is inhabited mostly by Russian monks. Vladimir Putin visits the Monastery frequently.
Vukašin Todorović (7 months ago)
Holy place!
Marcel Gavrila (10 months ago)
Very impressive!
Ignacio Arsuaga (18 months ago)
A saintly place to pray and enjoy nature
Vadim Kochkin (18 months ago)
Hospitality and strict monastic ascetic rules.
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