Ategua is an Ibero-Roman fortified settlement with substantial archaeological remains stretching into the Middle Ages. Ategua was a great city that already existed from the third millennium BCE on, its wall was erected over a plateau that allowed it to control the whole horizon.

The oldest documented archaeological finds at Ategua date from the Late Bronze Age, after which archaeologists have recorded a more or less unbroken stratigraphic sequence up to the 14th century BCE. From the 9th century BCE it was used as a pre-colonial cremation necropolis, and roughly 150 years after thecemetery was abandoned humans established an urban centre on this site,with orthogonal-plan dwellings defended by an outer wall, which remained in use until the 7th century BCE.

The army of Roman Julius Ceaser conquered Ategua in 45 BCE. After that victory, Caesar continued his successfulmilitary campaign across Hispania, vanquishing the supportersof Pompey’s sons at the Battle of Munda and subsequentlyreturning to Rome in triumph.

A group of buildings known as domus provide evidence of urban residential architecture in Roman Ategua. The group includesseveral modest houses built around courtyards with water tanks or wells.

Given its strategic position at a crossroads vital to the defence of Córdoba, the hilltop was occupied by a castle during the final years of Muslim rule. The castle, with an irregular polygonal plan following the contours of the terrain, had a total of 9 towers and two gates. One of these gates was set into the north walland reinforced, in the modern era, with an octagonal tower. The other, directly opposite, faced south and was flanked by two square towers. The castle also had a bastion jutting out from the northwest corner.

This military structure was maintained throughout the late Middle Ages, and over time a population centre grew up around it, but the hilltop was definitively abandoned sometime in the 14th or 15th century. The rectangular building at the southwest corner outside the castle wall was built during the Christian era, in the 13th or 14th century, and the typical market-stall layout leaves no doubt as to its commercial purpose.

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Córdoba, Spain
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Founded: 3000-2000 BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Spain

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www.juntadeandalucia.es

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4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Mar Palomeque Messía (2 years ago)
De mucho interés histórico
Jaime Loar (2 years ago)
Actualmente solo se puede acceder por visitas guiadas extraordinarias, ya que hay una valla protectora. Hubo dos guías porque la visita del día anterior se canceló por las lluvias. Creemos que fue un poco cansado, posiblemente por el exceso de datos al ser dos guías, el frío que no ayudaba, etc. Recomendaría obviar los 30 minutos de explicación antes de cruzar la valla para evitar no cansarse tanto antes de ver nada. No obstante, la historia del yacimiento es espectacular y recomiendo su visita, valoro mucho el trabajo de estas arqueólogas y seguro que cuando abran nuevas áreas se podrá seguir investigando y excavando. Lo más sorprendente el complejo íbero. Se debe abrir al público lo antes posible.
Jose Ortiz (2 years ago)
Una interesante visita guiada al yacimiento de Ategua, acompañados de la arqueóloga Begoña, que nos hizo ver lo importante que ha sido para todas las culturas que han pasado por aqui, nos dio explicaciones muy detalladas de todo y nos aclaro todas las dudas. El enclave es sencillamente espectacular y se divisan muchos pueblos. Lo recomiendo, por ahora solo abre los fines de semana de diciembre con cita previa.
Paqui Garcia Luna (2 years ago)
Porque no pudimos acceder
Profe Juan Antonio Gavilán (4 years ago)
Es un sitio mágico donde te pones cara a cara con la historia. Desde sus murallas puedes soñar con las huestes de César que esperan agazapadas en la llanura o con que la Junta aporte fondos para excavar e investigar.
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