Museums in Finland

Amuri Museum of Workers' Housing

Starting from the 19th century, Amuri was originally mainly a residence area for the workers of the Finlayson factory. It consisted of blocks of wooden houses built together, which were replaced by low-rise apartment buildings in the 1970s and 1980s. In the Amuri Museum of Workers' Housing a part of old Amuri is preserved. The museum features five residential buildings that still stand in their original locations and ...
Founded: 1880-1970s | Location: Tampere, Finland

The Artillery Museum of Finland

The Artillery Museum of Finland is a special military museum dedicated to the history of the artillery from the 15th century to the present day. It was located in Niinisalo from 1977 to 1997 and in 1997 relocated to Hämeenlinna.There are almost a hundred guns, grenade launchers and rocket launchers of different make from 13 different countries. The gun collection of the museum is unique, the most comprehensive in the Sca ...
Founded: 1850-1913 | Location: Hämeenlinna, Finland

Carelicum

Carelicum is a culture, museum, and tourist centre situated at the market place in the middle of Joensuu. The special interest is the collection of the Sortavala Museum, evacuated during the Second World War. A wide photographic collection related to North Karelia and Karelia on the other side of the border, the Ladoga Karelia.
Founded: 1998 | Location: Joensuu, Finland

The Savonlinna Provincial Museum

The Provincial Museum concentrates on the cultural history of Southern Savo and the sailing history of Lake Saimaa. It is located in a former state granary designed by Ernst B. Lohrmann was completed in 1852.The permanent exhibition "On the platform, life on the shores of Lake Saimaa" displays the living conditions on the shores of Lake Saimaa. It talks about prehistoric times, Sääminki Church art from the 18th ...
Founded: 1852 | Location: Savonlinna, Finland

Siida

Siida is home to the Sámi Museum and Northern Lapland Nature Centre. Siida arranges exhibitions on Sámi culture and the nature of Northern Lapland. In addition, Siida has an open-air museum open in the summers, which was originally known as the Inari Sámi Museum. The first buildings were moved to the museum grounds in 1960. The 7-hectare (17-acre) area has nearly 50 sites of interest related to Lapland's nature and the ...
Founded: 1960 | Location: Inari, Finland

Kuopio Art Museum

Kuopio Art Museum, located in the centre of Kuopio, is housed in a former bank building converted into a museum that opened in 1980. As the regional art museum of Northern Savo Province, the museum includes exhibitions, research and documentation of visual arts.The collections include mainly Finnish art from the end of the 19th century to the present. The museum arranges several changing exhibitions every year.Reference: ...
Founded: | Location: Kuopio, Finland

The Museum of Central Finland

The Museum of Central Finland specializes in cultural history. It serves both as the town museum of Jyväskylä and the provincial museum of Central Finland. A large exhibition spans in a most illustrative way the town's history from the 1830s until today. This permanent display is situated on the third floor. Another basic exhibition can be found on the second floor. It is titled Central Finland - past and pr ...
Founded: | Location: Jyväskylä, Finland

Mobilia

Mobilia museum specializes in cars and road traffic. The exhibitions illustrate the history of the field in Finland, where long distances have always given both roads and vehicles particular importance. The exhibitions change annually, focusing on different sub-themes of automobile traffic. The exhibitions are planned with foresight; the exact subjects are known years ahead. A wide collection of photos and other objects i ...
Founded: 1986 | Location: Kangasala, Finland

Kuopio Museum

The Kuopio Museum was established in 1907 and it is the third oldest museum in Finland. The Jugend-style building, designed by J. V. Strömberg has been influenced by Finnish castles, such as Olavinlinna and the castle of Vyborg.There are two museums located in the building: The Kuopio Cultural History Museum and the Natural History Museum. The permanent exhibitions of the Cultural History Museum provide information o ...
Founded: 1907 | Location: Kuopio, Finland

Museum of Northern Ostrobothnia

The museum of Northern Ostrobothnia was established in 1896. The basic exhibition will tell you the history of the city of Oulu and its surroundings. Between the years 1911-1929 the museum operated in an old wooden villa Villa Ainola, which was destroyed in a fire on July 9th, 1929. Some of the collections of the museum were also destroyed. Soon after the fire the current museum building was started to be built on the sit ...
Founded: 1896 | Location: Oulu, Finland

Maritime Centre Vellamo

Maritime Centre Vellamo is a unique building in Finland with a wave-like roof. It houses the Maritime Museum of Finland, Museum of Kymenlaakso and Information Centre Vellamo.The Maritime Museum of Finland is a national maritime museum operating under the National Board of Antiquities and the Ministry of Education, destined to record the history of seafaring in Finland and to convey related information. The Maritime Museum ...
Founded: 2008 | Location: Kotka, Finland

K. H Renlund Museum

The cultural heritage of Kokkola is displayed in the K. H. Renlund Museum. It is located in the former school built in 1696. It is one of the oldest wooden buildings in Finland. Alongside exhibitions, the museum offers an extensive range of educational programmes encompassing a wide audience. The courtyard in the Museum Quarter is an oasis during the summer, a pleasant place where you can sit and enjoy refreshments in ...
Founded: | Location: Kokkola, Finland

Ostrobothnian Museum

The museum's function comprise the coastline and northern area of the former Vaasa province. The collections relate to both peasant and upper-class culture, the history of the town of Vaasa and Ostrobothnia. There are for example the coin collection of Mauritz Hallberg, the Hedman collection of visual and industrial art from different countries, mostly Dutch and Italian, the oldest dating from the 15th century. The Finnis ...
Founded: | Location: Vaasa, Finland

Rauma Maritime Museum

The Maritime Museum was founded in 2004. It is located in the former Maritime school built in 1900. There are both permanent and temporary exhibitions of the maritime history in Rauma and the Finland west coast. The Maritime Museum is open in summer season.
Founded: 2004 | Location: Rauma, Finland

Joensuu Art Museum

Joensuu Art Museum is situated in the neo-Renaissance building, a former grammar school. The museum building was built in 1894 and designed by architect Theodor Decker.The permanent collection on display features Antiquities, Chinese art, Central and Southern European paintings and sculptures from the 14th century onwards, in addition to Finnish art from the 19th and 20th centuries in the form of paintings, sculptures, an ...
Founded: | Location: Joensuu, Finland

Tuomarinkylä Manor Museum

The history of Tuomarinkylä Manor dates back to the 15th century. The present main manor house was built around 1790. Today the main building is a museum and there’s also a horse farm and restaurant. The fairly small museum has eight room carefully restored in the style of different periods over the last two hundred years.
Founded: ca. 1790 | Location: Helsinki, Finland

Visavuori Atelier

Visavuori is the museum of the life and works of sculptor Emil Wikström (1864-1942) and his grandson, cartoonist Kari Suomalainen (1920-1999). Wikström built his first wilderness atelier in 1894. It was destroyed by fire in 1896 and the residence, Romantic Nationalism in style, was completed in 1902. The new atelier completed next year and represents the Central European architecture style. The atelier was enlar ...
Founded: 1902 | Location: Valkeakoski, Finland

Turkansaari

The Turkansaari Open-Air Museum consists over 40 museum buildings. The buildings include for example a church built in 1694 and the old country manor house of Ylikärppä, completed in 1894. In Turkansaari, you can see the old trades that the region’s economy used to revolve around, including tar-making, salmon fishing, lumbering and log floating.Turkansaari church was built as the chapel in 1694. At that ti ...
Founded: 1922 | Location: Oulu, Finland

Karelia Aviation Museum

The Karelia Aviation Museum is located at Lappeenranta Airport. The museum is run by Kaakkois-Suomen ilmailumuseoyhdistys ry. The museum is housed in two covered halls and displays fighter aircraft and smaller objects from the Second World War and onwards.The first hall, the MG Hall, houses the Mig-21BIS MG-127 fighter. The showcases also feature aircraft instruments and gauges, turbine blades and parts from bombers which ...
Founded: | Location: Lappeenranta, Finland

Pielinen Museum

Pielinen Museum is the second largest open-air museum in Finland. There are over 70 buildings or structures from different centuries, the oldest hut date back to the 17th century. The permanent exhibition focuses on the living and building conditions. The open-air museum area comprises three farmyards from the 18th to 20th centuries, forestry department with lumber cabins, a mill, farming and fire sections.Reference: Muse ...
Founded: 1963 | Location: Lieksa, Finland

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.