Drotten Church Ruins

Lund, Sweden

Drotten Church was built around 1050 and it was the second largest church in Lund. The building was about 50m long and probably made for bishop’s church. Archaeologists have also found evidences of even earlier stave church on the site, built probably in the 990 by Danish King Svend Tveskæg.

Drotten Church was rebuilt several times and since 1150 it functioned as a parish church and later an abbey church. The church was demolished during the Reformation in 1500s. The excavations in 1980s revealed the well-preserved remains of the church and abbey. Today there is a museum.

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Address

Kattesund 6, Lund, Sweden
See all sites in Lund

Details

Founded: ca. 1050
Category: Ruins in Sweden
Historical period: Viking Age (Sweden)

More Information

www.kulturportallund.se

Rating

4.2/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Iulian Turicianu (6 months ago)
It was a bit difficult to find but it was totally worth it. Very interesting history!
Arun GN (2 years ago)
Good place to visit
James Nye (2 years ago)
I was so very glad to stumble upon this amazing site.
David Villa (2 years ago)
Spännande "museum" med Drottens kyrkoruin. Kul att man tagit vara på ruinen, synd bara att men inte gjort något bättre museum av det. Lite innehållsfattigt och anonymt. Men sen kostar det ingenting att gå dit så...
Sevärdheter Skåne (2 years ago)
Drottens kyrkoruin är en medeltida kyrkoruin i centrala Lund som sedermera blivit ett museum.Drottens kyrka byggdes förmodligen under 1050-talet och revs i samband med reformationen. Över kyrkans gamla plats utlades gatan Kattesund.I samband med utgrävningar på Kattesund under 1970- och 80-talet återfanns kyrkoruinen. Även en äldre stavkyrka hittades på samma plats. Vid utgrävningarna hittades även spår efter en äldre stavkyrka i trä. Den tros ha uppförts av den danske kungen Svend Tveskæg omkring år 990. Detta gör stavkyrkan till Lunds och Skånes äldsta kyrka.Det beslutades att stenarna skulle få ligga kvar och göras om till ett underjordiskt museum och att ett hus skulle byggas ovanpå.Museet kunde invigas den 11 september 1987.
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The Porta Nigra was built in grey sandstone between 186 and 200 AD. The original gate consisted of two four-storied towers, projecting as near semicircles on the outer side. A narrow courtyard separated the two gate openings on either side. For unknown reasons, however, the construction of the gate remained unfinished. For example, the stones at the northern (outer) side of the gate were never abraded, and the protruding stones would have made it impossible to install movable gates. Nonetheless, the gate was used for several centuries until the end of the Roman era in Trier.

In Roman times, the Porta Nigra was part of a system of four city gates, one of which stood at each side of the roughly rectangular Roman city. The Porta Nigra guarded the northern entry to the Roman city, while the Porta Alba (White Gate) was built in the east, the Porta Media (Middle Gate) in the south, and the Porta Inclyta (Famous Gate) in the west, next to the Roman bridge across the Moselle. The gates stood at the ends of the two main streets of the Roman Trier, one of which led north-south and the other east-west. Of these gates, only the Porta Nigra still exists today.

In the early Middle Ages the Roman city gates were no longer used for their original function and their stones were taken and reused for other buildings. Also iron and lead braces were broken out of the walls of the Porta Nigra for reuse. Traces of this destruction are still clearly visible on the north side of the gate.

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In 1802 Napoleon Bonaparte dissolved the church in the Porta Nigra and the monastery beside it, along with the vast majority of Trier"s numerous churches and monasteries. On his visit to Trier in 1804, Napoleon ordered that the Porta Nigra be converted back to its Roman form. Only the apse was kept; but the eastern tower was not rebuilt to its original height. Local legend has it that Napoleon originally wanted to completely tear down the church, but locals convinced him that the church had actually been a Gaulish festival hall before being turned into a church. Another version of the story is that they told him about its Roman origins, persuading him to convert the gate back to its original form.

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