Ville-ès-Nouaux stone circle is a long chamber and cist-in-circle originally covered by sand dunes. The long chamber was discovered in 1869 by quarrymen looking for stone. By the time the Société Jersiaise became aware of the site two of the capstones had already been broken up. A further seven capstones and two parallel rows of uprights were excavatated.The chamber was further excavated in 1883 which revealed the eastern end of the chamber and the row of curb stones to the north. Further digging a few metres away found a rubble cairn, the cist-in-circle and two smaller cists. The circle, originally covered by a clay mound is 6m in diameter with dry stone rubble between the stones.
At the centre 5 stones formed a cap stoned cist. Nothing was found in the cist other than some ashes and earth.Two levels were noted in long chamber. The lower level was paved with sea pebbles and had few associated finds but the upper layer, which was also paved contained at least sixteen vessels. Nine of these were Beaker type pots protected by stone slabs and six were Jersey bowls. An archers wrist guard was also found.The site was later used as a Bronze Age cemetery where at least 14 urns containing cremated remains were buried.
The age of Ville-ès-Nouaux circle is not sure, but can be constructed in the Neolithic or Chalcolithic age (3250 - 2250BC).References:
The Palazzo Colonna is a palatial block of buildings built in part over ruins of an old Roman Serapeum, and has belonged to the prestigious Colonna family for over twenty generations.
The first part of the palace dates from the 13th century, and tradition holds that the building hosted Dante in his visit to Rome. The first documentary mention notes that the property hosted Cardinal Giovanni and Giacomo Colonna in the 13th century. It was also home to Cardinal Oddone Colonna before he ascended to the papacy as Martin V (1417–1431).
With his passing, the palace was sacked during feuds, and the main property passed into the hands of the Della Rovere family. It returned to the Colonna family when Marcantonio I Colonna married Lucrezia Gara Franciotti Della Rovere, the niece of pope Julius II. The Colonna"s alliance to the Habsburg power, likely protected the palace from looting during the Sack of Rome (1527).
Starting with Filippo Colonna (1578–1639) many changes have refurbished and create a unitary complex around a central garden. Architects including Girolamo Rainaldi and Paolo Marucelli labored on specific projects. Only in the 17th and 18th centuries were the main facades completed. Much of this design was completed by Antonio del Grande (including the grand gallery), and Girolamo Fontana (decoration of gallery). In the 18th century, the long low facade designed by Nicola Michetti with later additions by Paolo Posi with taller corner blocks (facing Piazza Apostoli) was constructed recalls earlier structures resembling a fortification.
The main gallery (completed 1703) and the masterful Colonna art collection was acquired after 1650 by both the cardinal Girolamo I Colonna and his nephew the Connestabile Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna and includes works by Lorenzo Monaco, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Palma the Elder, Salviati, Bronzino, Tintoretto, Pietro da Cortona, Annibale Carracci (painting of The Beaneater), Guercino, Francesco Albani, Muziano and Guido Reni. Ceiling frescoes by Filippo Gherardi, Giovanni Coli, Sebastiano Ricci, and Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari celebrate the role of Marcantonio II Colonna in the battle of Lepanto (1571). The gallery is open to the public on Saturday mornings.
The older wing of the complex known as the Princess Isabelle"s apartments, but once housing Martin V"s library and palace, contains frescoes by Pinturicchio, Antonio Tempesta, Crescenzio Onofri, Giacinto Gimignani, and Carlo Cesi. It contains a collection of landscapes and genre scenes by painters like Gaspard Dughet, Caspar Van Wittel (Vanvitelli), and Jan Brueghel the Elder.
Along with the possessions of the Doria-Pamphilij and Pallavacini-Rospigliosi families, this is one of the largest private art collections in Rome.