Park an der Ilm

Weimar, Germany

The 48-hectare landscaped park on the edge of Weimar’s old town is part of a kilometre-long stretch of green along the Ilm. It was laid between 1778 and 1828 and features both sentimental, classical and post-classical/romantic styles.

The creation of the park on the Ilm river is closely linked with Goethe’s life and work in Weimar. In 1776, Duke Carl August gave the poet a small house with a garden, today known as Goethe's Garden House. The first constructions and developments appeared in 1778 on the rocky western slope. Paths were subsequently laid, seating installed, monuments, bridges and other park architecture built. Numerous trees and bushes were also planted. The old palace gardens such as the Stern and the Welsche Garten were redesigned and integrated into the park along with the eastern valley slope and the water meadow as far as Oberweimar.

Between 1791 and 1797, the Duke had the Roman House built in classical style. This is the main design featured in the southern part of the park. Important characteristics of the park include the numerous lines of sight linking features such as Goethe’s garden house, the Roman House and the bark house within the park; these also connect them with the surrounding countryside.

The work largely came to an end in 1828 with the death of Carl August, who had been a significant driving force behind the design of the park. Over the following decades, the park was maintained but part of its direct connection with the surrounding landscape disappeared due to building work such as the street Am Horn. Moreover, insufficient care of the trees and shrubs puts its original appearance at risk. Extensive reconstruction, preservation and maintenance work was carried out on the trees, shrubs, paths and architecture only when the park was taken over by the National Research and Memorial Sites of Classical German Literature (NFG) in 1970.

The park on the Ilm river has been one of sites in 'Classical Weimar' UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998.



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Founded: 1778-1828
Category: Miscellaneous historic sites in Germany
Historical period: Emerging States (Germany)

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User Reviews

Ayda (12 months ago)
It was a very nice park. There are statues and different structures in every corner. I liked to have a really long walk around the river Ilm.
Ludovic Geldhof (13 months ago)
I am seriously considering moving to Weimar so I can enjoy this park everyday in all of its majesty
Ramsha Tofique (16 months ago)
Park an der Ilm has become one of my favourite parks! It holds beautiful cultural sights along with breathtaking trees and meadows. From hiking trails to a plain track, the park caters to everyone's needs. You can also find directions/map frequently, in case you need to know your current location. The park also has a beautiful, soothing stream! Love going there for my daily strolls.
Sarah Joy Tillmans (2 years ago)
The Park, designed by the greatest German literary figure Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, is a green oasis along and through the town of Weimar. Goethe's garden house, the Roman house, natural springs, the river Ilm, Villa Haar, overlooked by the famous Anna Amalia library and nestled next to the city castle, it is a refuge with countless, meandering paths with benches and lawns to throw down a blanket and relax. The bee museum at one end is a nice place to grab a coffee and learn something about bees. The Sternbr├╝cke, crossing the river Ilm, has a lovely secret, leading you inside the bridge to sit for a spell. Cyclists, walkers, pets, tourists, fishermen even- there is a little something for everyone. An old cave can be accessed near the Russian cemetery as well. Definitely worth a visit!
I_am_ Broda (2 years ago)
Best place to take a walk in all over Weimar. Glad that I live nearby. Makes it easy to enjoy nature
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