According a tradition collegiate church of Our Dear Lady of the Old Chapel (Alte Kapelle) dates from Roman times. In the 18th century the Romanesque basilica was magnificently rebuilt in the Bavarian rococo style. Of special interest is the new organ which was dedicated by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 during his visit to Regensburg.

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Details

Founded: 11th century
Category: Religious sites in Germany
Historical period: Ottonian Dynasty (Germany)

More Information

www.regensburg.de

Rating

4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Jason Roach (2 years ago)
Stunningly beautiful!!!
BradJill (2 years ago)
The Basilica of the Nativity of Our Lady is the oldest Catholic place of worship in Bavaria and one of the most important churches in Regensburg. It is located on Alter Kornmarkt to the east of Dom St. Peter's in the historic city centre. The church was originally founded around 1000 when a Romanesque abbey was built at this location. In the 18th-century the interior nave was given a Baroque and Rococo redesign. It is considered a Rococo masterpiece in the manner of the Wessobrunn School. The exterior is rather subtle and unassuming. However, once you enter the main chapel area, you will see an immaculate nave and interior with ornate decoration, endless gilding, artworks, ceiling fresco and elaborate high altar. There is much to feast your eyes upon within Basilica of the Nativity of Our Lady. It is well worth simply taking a seat and enjoying what is around and above you within the church. Note, you can conveniently visit Basilica of the Nativity of Our Lady before or after other interesting churches in the area. These include the Carmelite Church of St. Joseph on the other side of the square and St. Peter's Cathedral just a couple minutes walk west of this location.
Bullitt 78 (3 years ago)
The church is not very big and for me was kind of hard to find but it’s absolutely amazing inside. The whole place is covered with a interior fence but it’s absolutely a must see when it comes to this area.
lee devlin (4 years ago)
Rococo art at its best.. enough said.. 1 star off because of the iron grills
lee devlin (4 years ago)
Rococo art at its best.. enough said.. 1 star off because of the iron grills
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Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.