Monastery of La Encarnación

Ávila, Spain

The Monastery of La Encarnación was founded inside the town's walls in 1478, and as a Carmelite convent it was moved to outside the town in the 16th century. The new monastery was built on land that had been acquired by the Council on what had previously been a Jewish cemetery.

On 4 April 1515, the date on which the saint was baptised, the unfinished monastery was opened with four naves enclosing a central courtyard and a cloister with two levels. At the end of the 16th century, the room used by Teresa of Jesus became an oratory and the idea was to build a chapel, which was not opened until 1717. The current chapel of La Transverberación has four main arches and a hemispherical dome.

The interior of the original church was changed in the 18th century and adapted to the Baroque style. The building has a Latin-cross layout with one single nave covered by a barrel vault and cupola with scallops and lantern. The altars and altarpieces also boast a Baroque style. The large steeple was built in 1715 and stands out on the south side of the monastery.

The monastery is one of the essential places of the life of Teresa of Ávila and was where she lived almost continuously between 1535 and 1574. When Teresa de Cepeda entered the Carmelite Order without her father's permission, the monastery was one of the most popular in the town. It owned a great deal of property and, as in many others, convent life was not strict and there were great social differences between the nuns. In La Encarnación, she was given counsel by Francisco de Borja, Juan de la Cruz and Pedro de Alcántara, and the monastery was where preparations were made for the Reform of the Carmelite Order.

The convent is also home to the museum of St Teresa. One of the most interesting pieces in the museum is a drawing of Christ on the Cross by St John of the Cross.



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Founded: 1478
Category: Religious sites in Spain

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4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

maruxa M. (3 years ago)
Museum not accessible to reduced mobility, many stairs.
Cristina Rivas Arias (3 years ago)
Visit highly recommended. It seems far from the walls but is easily accessible by a short walk. Our special thanks to the volunteer Javier, who gave us a wonderful guided tour of this church. A perfect Saturday morning.
María Solano (4 years ago)
What can be said about a visit to Carmel, indescribable sensations, a place of peace and contemplation, a museum where you can breathe the peace of Saint Teresa, there remained her essence, her love for Jesus that catches you and shrinks your soul. Highly recommended if you visit Ávila.
Miguel Angel_61 (5 years ago)
Place of singular relevance in the life of Santa Teresa de Jesús, where he lived for almost 40 years. It is outside the wall, with an interesting patio and in front of a large garden
Dolores Ruiz-Ayúcar (5 years ago)
It is very important in the life of Santa Teresa. The church is very beautiful and the museum very interesting. The view of the beautiful city. Sunday masses sung by the nuns are great
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The Church of the Holy Cross

The church of the former Franciscan monastery was built probably between 1515 and 1520. It is located in the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Old Rauma. The church stands by the small stream of Raumanjoki (Rauma river).

The exact age of the Church of the Holy Cross is unknown, but it was built to serve as the monastery church of the Rauma Franciscan Friary. The monastery had been established in the early 15th century and a wooden church was built on this location around the year 1420.

The Church of the Holy Cross served the monastery until 1538, when it was abandoned for a hundred years as the Franciscan friary was disbanded in the Swedish Reformation. The church was re-established as a Lutheran church in 1640, when the nearby Church of the Holy Trinity was destroyed by fire.

The choir of the two-aisle grey granite church features medieval murals and frescoes. The white steeple of the church was built in 1816 and has served as a landmark for seafarers.