The Saint Petersburg Botanical Garden, also known as the Botanic Gardens of the Komarov Botanical Institute, is the oldest botanical garden in Russia. It consists of outdoor and indoor collections situated on Aptekarsky Island in Saint Petersburg and belongs to the Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The garden was founded by Peter the Great in 1714 as a herb garden in order to grow medicinal plants and re-established as a botanical institution under the name Imperial Botanical Garden in 1823. Ivan Lepyokhin was in charge of the botanical garden from 1774 until 1802. Beginning in 1855, Eduard August von Regel was associated with the garden, first as Scientific Director and then as Director General (1875-1892). Regel had a particular fascination with the genus Allium, overseeing collections of these plants in the Russian Far East and writing about them in two monographs. More than 60 of the alliums he identified bear his name, e.g., A. giganteum Regel and A. rosenbahianum Regel. Many alliums can be viewed in the Northern Yard of the garden.

In 1930 the garden became subordinate to the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union and in 1931 was merged with the Botanical Museum into the Botanical Institute.

References:

    Comments

    Your name



    Details

    Founded: 1714
    Category:

    More Information

    en.wikipedia.org

    Rating

    4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

    User Reviews

    Roger Pratchet (3 years ago)
    Good trees collection, nice greenhouse rare plants collection. Impossible to take excursion without group.
    Saleem ur Rahman (3 years ago)
    What a beautiful place in spb. I will visit it again especially it's
    Anton Andreevych (3 years ago)
    It's very nice. Some sort of portal from autumn to summer.
    Pavel Sushko (3 years ago)
    It's a great place if you enjoy nature and whatnot. Kids would probably get slightly bored of this place. Tours were nice but I personally found them slightly repetitive, although it's probably because I'm not a nature enthusiast. What I found to be the most interesting is the history of the place, you should ask your tour guide about the historical value of this place, you will not regret it.
    SUPER SPIRITS (3 years ago)
    Every time I go to St. Petersburg, I try to visit my favorite bot. I go there at any time of the year, and always enjoy it. Even in winter, walking around the park is worth the time. Against the background of bare deciduous trees, coniferous trees are especially well seen, and there are a lot of them in the park and they are very different. Only in the winter and you'll see ... And certainly visiting the winter greenhouses, this is a miracle! I highly recommend all the offered excursions. Beauty is indescribable, and prices are not prohibitive.
    Powered by Google

    Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

    Historic Site of the week

    Luxembourg Palace

    The famous Italian Medici family have given two queens to France: Catherine, the spouse of Henry II, and Marie, widow of Henry IV, who built the current Luxembourg palace. Maria di Medici had never been happy at the Louvre, still semi-medieval, where the fickle king, did not hesitate to receive his mistresses. The death of Henry IV, assassinated in 1610, left the way open for Marie's project. When she became regent, she was able to give special attention to the construction of an imposing modern residence that would be reminiscent of the Palazzo Pitti and the Boboli Gardens in Florence, where she grew up. The development of the 25-hectare park, which was to serve as a jewel-case for the palace, began immediately.

    The architect, Salomon de Brosse, began the work in 1615. Only 16 years later was the palace was completed. Palace of Luxembourg affords a transition between the Renaissance and the Classical period.

    In 1750, the Director of the King's Buildings installed in the wing the first public art-gallery in France, in which French and foreign canvases of the royal collections are shown. The Count of Provence and future Louis XVIII, who was living in Petit Luxembourg, had this gallery closed in 1780: leaving to emigrate, he fled from the palace in June 1791.

    During the French Revolution the palace was first abandoned and then moved as a national prison. After that it was the seat of the French Directory, and in 1799, the home of the Sénat conservateur and the first residence of Napoleon Bonaparte, as First Consul of the French Republic. The old apartments of Maria di Medici were altered. The floor, which the 80 senators only occupied in 1804, was built in the middle of the present Conference Hall.

    Beginning in 1835 the architect Alphonse de Gisors added a new garden wing parallel to the old corps de logis, replicating the look of the original 17th-century facade so precisely that it is difficult to distinguish at first glance the old from the new. The new senate chamber was located in what would have been the courtyard area in-between.

    The new wing included a library (bibliothèque) with a cycle of paintings (1845–1847) by Eugène Delacroix. In the 1850s, at the request of Emperor Napoleon III, Gisors created the highly decorated Salle des Conférences, which influenced the nature of subsequent official interiors of the Second Empire, including those of the Palais Garnier.

    During the German occupation of Paris (1940–1944), Hermann Göring took over the palace as the headquarters of the Luftwaffe in France, taking for himself a sumptuous suite of rooms to accommodate his visits to the French capital. Since 1958 the Luxembourg palace has been the seat of the French Senate of the Fifth Republic.