Vale Church is one of Guernsey"s most ancient churches and a former priory. Somewhere around A.D. 968, monks, from the Benedictine monastery of Mont Saint-Michel, came to Guernsey to establish a community in the North of the Island. This area of Guernsey would form a separate island at high tide, and continued to do so until 1806. The last remaining stonework is a piece of buttressed wall to the South of the church, by the roadside. The church was consecrated in 1117. However it is thought that the chancel and parts of the choir date to 1155 when a papal document listed the church as part of its assets. The priory fell into disuse about 1414 but the church continued to be used as a parish church. In 1585 a French Protestant priest was appointed and remained Calvinist until 1662 when an Anglican was appointed.
On the granite arch above the pulpit is the carving of a spaniel"s head - probably a mason"s mark, and of the same design as one at the Town Church. In 1949 an Early Christian monument was unearthed outside the West door of the church. This stone dates from the 7th or 8th century. It is now situated outside the Baptistry, resting against the wall. This stone points to the presence of a Christian community on this site, somewhere about AD 600. It is possible that there was a Christian community in the Vale at an even earlier date.References:
The Château Comtal (Count’s Castle) is a medieval castle within the Cité of Carcassonne, the largest city in Europe with its city walls still intact. The Château Comtal has a strong claim to be called a 'Cathar Castle'. When the Catholic Crusader army arrived in 1209 they first attacked Raymond-Roger Trencavel's castrum at Bèziers and then moved on to his main stronghold at Carcassonne.
The castle with rectangular shape is separated from the city by a deep ditch and defended by two barbicans. There are six towers curtain walls.
The castle was restored in 1853 by the architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. It was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1997.