The region round the bay of Salamis is one of the most favoured in the whole island and Salamis city became the capital of Cyprus as far back as 1100 BC. The city shared the destiny of the rest of the island during the successive occupations by the various dominant powers of the Near East, viz. the Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, and Romans. The ancient site covers an area of one square mile extending along the sea shore. There is still a large area awaiting excavation and this is forested with mimosa, pine, and eucalyptus trees. The finding of some gold coins bearing the name of Evagoras, 411 to 374 BC, is the first genuine evidence of the city's importance.

A severe earthquake destroyed the city in 76 AD after which the Gymnasium with its colonnaded Palaestra was built by Trajan and Hadrian. This is the most monumental part of the site but columns differ in size because after the second great earthquake of 331 AD. the Christians set up new columns which they dragged from the Roman theatre. The theatre with 50 rows of seats is a spectacular sight. All around the buildings that have been excavated are many niches which contained marble statues, and those that can be seen are headless. When Christianity was adopted as a state religion all these nude statues were to them an abhorrence and were thrown into drains or were broken up. In fact, any indications of Roman pagan religion such as mosaic pictures were effaced or destroyed.

The Romans had an obsession about baths, and in the Great Hall buildings one can make out the Sudatorium (hot baths), the Caldarium (steam bath) and Frigidarium. Before the Christian period, i.e. before 400 AD, it was quite a colourful city; the marble columns were covered with coloured stucco, coloured statues, and numerous polychrome mosaics of which only a few are left. It was during the Christian period that walls with rectangular towers at regular intervals were built, but all that one can see of these today are mounds of sand dunes. The late Roman period after 400 AD up to about 1100 AD is known as the Byzantine epoch when the first great Christian churches, called basilicas, were built. The visitor should see the churches of St Epiphanos and Campanopetra for they are the largest ancient churches in Cyprus.

About 674 AD Arab invasions brought about the destruction of the entire city and the inhabitants fled north to build the medieval town of Famagusta (Magusa). There must have been a great change in the climate as the city was overwhelmed with sand, and only the tops of the columns peeped above.

Coins of the Middle Ages, Lusignan period, were found around the basilicas, from which one can conclude that squatters lived in the ruins probably up to c. 1300. For the next 600 years the ancient site was looted and regarded as a quarry for building. During the Venetian occupation of Famagusta many columns and pieces of sculpture were dragged from the site. This constant looting was not halted until I952 when organised excavations by the Department of Antiquities began.



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Salamis, Famagusta, Cyprus
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Founded: 1100 BC
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Cyprus

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User Reviews

RiRi (2 years ago)
I just want to say, I had an amazing birthday your hotel! The room had an amazing sea view! The staff were very warm, friendly, helpful & welcoming to us… The food & drinks & the spa all great.. I will definitely be returning fir summer 2023 to stay again.. I can’t wait…??‍♀️ I would definitely recommend your hotel, to my friends & family going forward! Thanks for having us! Much appreciated! ? ??‍♀️☺️??? ??????
Michael DeBusk (2 years ago)
So, it was crowded. However, the food was excellent, fresh with lots of variety. The property is also very well maintained, better than any of the hotels like it I’ve stayed in either here or in southern and western Turkey. Very nice amenities.
Matej Gašpierik (2 years ago)
The holiday in this hotel was good, the service and food corresponded to the state of the hotel in August 2019. I consider it very unfortunate that the location of the hotel has almost no beach, so they had to build a big jetty. On the other hand, the sea was clean, warm and had a beautiful turquoise color.
Elaine Deguara (2 years ago)
Amazing place. Enjoyed every minute of it. Loads of food to choose from and to please everybody's tastes, delicious ice cream entertainment and lots of stuff for kids to do. Kids really had fun. Staff very helpful even though sometimes communication was difficult but in particular I have to mention Ali K, a waiter at the restaurant who does his job very well. Nothing to complain about!! ?
Gemma K (2 years ago)
We had a great experience spending one week at this resort; Everything was clean, Food and Cocktails were amazing. All services outstanding. Our needs were promptly met. Many entertainment activities for adult and kids all day long. Hard working and very Friendly staff. We made such good memories and will definitely come again.
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Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

The Church of the Holy Cross

The church of the former Franciscan monastery was built probably between 1515 and 1520. It is located in the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Old Rauma. The church stands by the small stream of Raumanjoki (Rauma river).

The exact age of the Church of the Holy Cross is unknown, but it was built to serve as the monastery church of the Rauma Franciscan Friary. The monastery had been established in the early 15th century and a wooden church was built on this location around the year 1420.

The Church of the Holy Cross served the monastery until 1538, when it was abandoned for a hundred years as the Franciscan friary was disbanded in the Swedish Reformation. The church was re-established as a Lutheran church in 1640, when the nearby Church of the Holy Trinity was destroyed by fire.

The choir of the two-aisle grey granite church features medieval murals and frescoes. The white steeple of the church was built in 1816 and has served as a landmark for seafarers.