Villa Erba is a 19th-century villa in Cernobbio, on the shores of Lake Como. It was built by Luigi Erba, brother of the prominent businessman Carlo Erba (founder of the first Italian pharmaceutical company), to show off his wealth.
After the death of Luigi Erba, the villa was inherited by his daughter Carla and was used by members of Carla's family, including her son Luchino Visconti. In 1986, it was bought by a public consortium to use as an exposition and congress center.
In 2004, the villa served as a filming location for the movie Ocean's Twelve. In early 2005, American singer Gwen Stefani, shot the music video for her 2005 single, Cool, on the villa's grounds.References:
The Château Comtal (Count’s Castle) is a medieval castle within the Cité of Carcassonne, the largest city in Europe with its city walls still intact. The Château Comtal has a strong claim to be called a 'Cathar Castle'. When the Catholic Crusader army arrived in 1209 they first attacked Raymond-Roger Trencavel's castrum at Bèziers and then moved on to his main stronghold at Carcassonne.
The castle with rectangular shape is separated from the city by a deep ditch and defended by two barbicans. There are six towers curtain walls.
The castle was restored in 1853 by the architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. It was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1997.