Munich, Germany

The Propylaea is a city gate in Munich at the west side of Koenigsplatz. The building constructed in Doric order was completed by Leo von Klenze in 1862 and evokes the monumental entrance of the Propylaea for the Athenian Acropolis. The gate was created as a memorial for the accession to the throne of Otto of Greece, a son of the principal King Ludwig I of Bavaria.

As early as 1816 it was already considered to build the Propylaea, but it took 30 years until the order was issued for this purpose. Klenze painted a picture before the construction of the Propylaea, to promote its project. As King Ludwig I had resigned in 1848, the project was called into question because Munich at that time did not need a gate anymore. Finally Ludwig I financed the building from his private resources as a sign of the friendship between Greece and Bavaria as well as a monument to the Greek War of Independence.

The Propylaea was opened shortly before King Otto was forced to resign. While on a visit to the Peloponnese in 1862 a coup was launched in Greece, a provisional Government was set up and summoned a National Convention. Ambassadors of the Great Powers urged King Otto not to resist, and the king and queen took refuge on a British warship and returned to Bavaria. So the Propylaea have also become a monument for the failed secundogeniture of the Wittelsbach.

Each of the two towers of the gate is a powerful block with a large portal and an open room upstairs. The two portals of the towers served to freight transport, the driving (as seen from the city) leaving the city was operated through the left gate, in the downtown of freight passed through the right gate. The monumental gate in the middle of the Propylaea was reserved for riders and city cars. The underside of the roofs of the towers was designed as a coffered ceiling. If somebody wanted to move the upper floor between the towers, one would have to climb over the railing on the flat roof.

While the exterior shows Doric columns in the interior Ionic columns can be found to bear the rafters of the Propylaea. In addition, the floor plan shows as well as the section of the gatehouse, that the basement of the building could be traversed by stairs, platforms and passageways.

The neo-classical architects of that time knew already that Greek temples were colored. But unfortunately, it was unknown how they succeeded in ancient Greece, marble surfaces to be provided with bright colors. Leo von Klenze would give the building a magnificent colors jewelry, but he also found a solution for the application of the paint. So he planned instead the plastic decoration of the Propylaea. The reliefs and sculptures celebrating the Bavarian prince and the Greek War of Independence were created by Ludwig Michael Schwanthaler.



Your name


Founded: 1862
Category: Miscellaneous historic sites in Germany
Historical period: German Confederation (Germany)

More Information


4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Carlos Jozala (18 days ago)
The Propylaea is a stunning architectural masterpiece located in Athens, Greece. This magnificent gateway serves as the entrance to the Acropolis, commanding attention with its grandeur and beauty. Designed by architect Mnesicles, the Propylaea features impressive Doric columns, intricate carvings, and a monumental presence that leaves visitors in awe. Surrounded by the ancient ruins of the Acropolis, including the Parthenon and Erechtheion, the Propylaea offers a glimpse into the rich history and cultural heritage of Greece. Its strategic location atop the sacred hill provides panoramic views of Athens and the surrounding landscape. Visitors to the Propylaea are transported back in time, experiencing the majesty of ancient Greek architecture and the significance of this iconic landmark in shaping Western civilization. It's truly a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and architecture aficionados alike.
Mat Bienczyk (2 months ago)
One of the old city gates of old town Munich. It is located around the Königsplatz, near two massive museums. Built in Greek style and a monument to the Greek War.
berke ayrancioglu (3 months ago)
One of the city gates of old town Munich. It is located around the Königsplatz, near two museums. Built in Greek style and a monument to the Greek War of Independence. Can be a nice location for tourists.
win task (8 months ago)
This massive big Greek style building called Propylaea. It’s large stone gate with massive columns was built in 1862. It is located in the heart of Munich. There’s couple of museums around this building. Good photography spot.
Santhawat W.Pawit (11 months ago)
It is a large and fully Roman theme gait in Munich. The way to Gyptotek museum. Greek Roman Museum.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Trencín Castle

Trenčín Castle is relatively large renovated castle, towering on a steep limestone cliff directly above the city of Trenčín. It is a dominant feature not only of Trenčín, but also of the entire Považie region. The castle is a national monument.

History of the castle cliff dates back to the Roman Empire, what is proved by the inscription on the castle cliff proclaiming the victory of Roman legion against Germans in the year 179.

Today’s castle was probably built on the hill-fort. The first proven building on the hill was the Great Moravian rotunda from the 9th century and later there was a stone residential tower, which served to protect the Kingdom of Hungary and the western border. In the late 13th century the castle became a property of Palatine Matúš Csák, who became Mr. of Váh and Tatras.

Matúš Csák of Trenčín built a tower, still known as Matthew’s, which is a dominant determinant of the whole building.