Uppsala University Botanical Garden

Uppsala, Sweden

The Uppsala University Botanical Garden is the oldest botanical garden in Sweden. It was founded in 1655 by Olof Rudbeck the elder, professor of medicine. The garden was used for teaching students botany and pharmacy. By the end of the century, more than 1 800 species were grown in the garden, many of them for the first time in Sweden. Olof Rudbecks´ botanical garden was largely destroyed by a fire in 1702. The university could not afford to restore it, and it was left unattended for a period of 40 years.

In 1741, Carl Linnaeus became professor of medicine at Uppsala University and responsible for the neglected garden. Under his supervision, it turned into one of the foremost gardens of its time. Through contacts with fellow scientists all over the world, Linnaeus was able to gather thousands of foreign plants in cultivation. They were grown in parterres either based on ecology or following the classes of the sexual system. This botanical garden has been reconstructed according to Linnaeus´ original plan from 1745. It is now called the Linnaeus´ Garden.

The location close to the river Fyrisån was unsuitable for gardening as the grounds were very swampy. Furthermore, by the end of the 18th century the expanding garden needed more space. In 1787, Carl Peter Thunberg, Linnaeus´ disciple and successor, persuaded King Gustaf III to donate the Uppsala castle garden to the university, so that it could be turned into a new botanical garden. The castle garden was a baroque garden designed in 1750 by the architect Carl Hårlemann. The king also donated a large sum of money, for which the orangery building Linneanum was erected. All the plant material was moved from the old garden, which then fell into a stage of neglect.

Today, after being enlarged several times, the Botanical Garden extends over 34 acres. Some 11 000 species and cultivars from all over the world are under cultivation. The garden is divided into many different sections: economic plants, rock and arid gardens, stone troughs, peat beds, annual beds and areas for research and education. The cool orangery has been supplemented by a Tropical Greenhouse with about 4 000 species from the warmer climatic zones.

The Baroque Garden has been restored according to the plan from the 1750s. Linneanum still houses an orangery, the oldest plants grown there are Linnaeus´ laurels, four 250 year old trees.

The main tasks for the Botanical Garden is to provide plant material and horticultural support for research and education within Uppsala University and to promote public awareness on all issues concerning biological diversity. Each year, more than one thousand students are tutored in botany, pharmacology, horticulture or ecology. The garden regularly arranges guided tours, exhibitions and events open to the public.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1655
Category: Miscellaneous historic sites in Sweden
Historical period: Swedish Empire (Sweden)

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Bux Shayeb (4 months ago)
Great history about Sweden here.
B G (7 months ago)
Beautiful gardens of Uppsala linnean gardens. Walking here in the summer is a true bliss for the soul. Lovely personnel who always know everything that's going on and we're to find the plants you are looking for. Great place to observe the interesting plants of sweden (outside) and from abroad in the greenhouse. In the orangerie there are s broad collection of cactai year around and a big storage area for sensitive plants in the winter (example Carl von Linnés private Laurus nobilis ( bay leaves trees) Visiting the gardens in the winter is a great experience since you can get the treatment of bright lights and tropical climate in the greenhouse. Well worth a visit! Constructions going on 2023-2024 but nothing that is affecting visitors.
Kim Ngân Phan (12 months ago)
Nice place. Only 50 sek for greenhouse to see a lot of things. I used to visit the Botanical Garden in Lund, and it is free. However, when comparing with a not free experience in Uppsala, I prefer Uppsala. Highly recommend this place.
Sajid Karim (2 years ago)
A very beautiful botanical garden with a greenhouse and a café inside. One of the top tourist attractions in Uppsala. Located between Uppsala University buildings and close to Uppsala Castle. The attractions are the Tropical greenhouse, Orangery Linneanum, The baroque garden, the Scandinavian mountains, the Family tree of flowering plants, The kitchen garden, etc. The greenhouse also has a wide variety of plants. The place turns into a winter wonderland during the time of winter, but, in Summer and Autumn, showcases two different illustrations of beauty. I will highly recommend visiting the place if you are in Uppsala.
I B (2 years ago)
I am so happy that by his place exists. It really is in a different league of its own. It is so lovingly looked after and is such a magical bright space. The plants are beautiful and it feels like a cathedral for plants inside. It’s a haven from stress.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Duino Castle

Duino Castle was built by the Wallsee family in 1389 on the cliffs overlooking the Gulf of Trieste. It replaced an older castle from the 11th century. Over time, the Wallsee family disappeared and the castle, after having been used as a prison, became the residence of the Luogar and Hofer.

At the end of the 19th century it became the property of Prince Alexander von Thurn und Taxis from the Czech branch of the House of Thurn and Taxis. It remains with the family to this day with his great-grandson Prince Carlo Alessandro della Torre e Tasso, Duke of Castel Duino the current owner. The castle has been opened to the public as a museum and park.