St. Catherine's Church

Gdańsk, Poland

St Catherine's Church is the oldest church in Gdańsk. The first record dates from 1185, when Prince Sobieslaw I built a wooden church. It was replaced with a stone church in 1227-1239. St. Catherine’s church evolved over centuries and only reached its final shape in the mid-15th century. It was a Protestant church from 1545 until 1945, after which it became a Roman Catholic church. There are several magnificent details in the church, like Anton Möller’s triptych painted in 1563-1611.

The tower was destroyed in 1945 in World War II, but rebuilt again in the following decades. Today the church hosts a Tower Clock Museum.

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Address

Katarzynki, Gdańsk, Poland
See all sites in Gdańsk

Details

Founded: 1227-1239
Category: Religious sites in Poland

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Gosia Fraser (3 months ago)
One of the most beautiful churches in Gdansk. Built in 13th century. The tower (not really a spire) is 76m high. Great astronomer Hevelius is buried here, you can also find some other baroque sarcophagi. You might want to notice two unique things - a Madonna of Bolszowiec painting covered with gold and silver and carillon from 17th century. There are 50 bells still used for beautiful concerts that can be listened to especially during the summer.
Michael-Murat Basaran (5 months ago)
Beautiful church. I was here: 29 September 2018
issa malki (5 months ago)
Very nice churge
Curtis Bowden (5 months ago)
It's the church and it has a bell tower and if that's your cup of tea you will enjoy it I think the history of Gdansk revolves around the shipyard and the 1980 s
Kamil Kamil (8 months ago)
Tower including a set of 50 bells. Playing everyday a different song. Inside the museum of the Clock. Panorama view. And the first Pulsar clock of the world.
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Lübeck Cathedral

Lübeck Cathedral is a large brick-built Lutheran cathedral in Lübeck, Germany and part of the Lübeck UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 1173 Henry the Lion founded the cathedral to serve the Diocese of Lübeck, after the transfer in 1160 of the bishop's seat from Oldenburg in Holstein under bishop Gerold. The then Romanesque cathedral was completed around 1230, but between 1266 and 1335 it was converted into a Gothic-style building with side-aisles raised to the same height as the main aisle.

On the night of Palm Sunday (28–29 March) 1942 a Royal Air Force bombing raid destroyed a fifth of the town centre. Several bombs fell in the area around the church, causing the eastern vault of the quire to collapse and destroying the altar which dated from 1696. A fire from the neighbouring cathedral museum spread to the truss of the cathedral, and around noon on Palm Sunday the towers collapsed. An Arp Schnitger organ was lost in the flames. Nevertheless, a relatively large portion of the internal fittings was saved, including the cross and almost all of the medieval polyptychs. In 1946 a further collapse, of the gable of the north transept, destroyed the vestibule almost completely.

Reconstruction of the cathedral took several decades, as greater priority was given to the rebuilding of the Marienkirche. Work was completed only in 1982.

The cathedral is unique in that at 105 m, it is shorter than the tallest church in the city. This is the consequence of a power struggle between the church and the guilds.

The 17 m crucifix is the work of the Lübeck artist Bernt Notke. It was commissioned by the bishop of Lübeck, Albert II. Krummendiek, and erected in 1477. The carvings which decorate the rood screen are also by Notke.

Since the war, the famous altar of Hans Memling has been in the medieval collection of the St. Annen Museum, but notable polyptychs remain in the cathedral.

In the funeral chapels of the southern aisle are Baroque-era memorials by the Flemish sculptor Thomas Quellinus.